All Notes for GEOG 2253

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Unformatted text preview: ed companies to private hands Loss of cheap raw materials form USSR and economic transition resulted in a drop of industrial and agricultural output Eastern Europe attempting to further itself from Russia and integrate with Western Europe Summary— Western Europe is one of the wealthiest regions on Earth—eastern Europe countries to struggle Progressive approach to environment Ideas of nationalism seem to be eroding and EU provides political and economic integration Europe dealing with new immigrants and resulting political tension The end of the Cold Wargave rise to new geopolitical issues 4/10/13 Chapter 9: The Russian Domain— Setting the boundary— Maps of Russian region redrawn in 1990, after disintegration of Soviet Union Now includes Russia, Ukraine, Belarus as the core; also Georgia Armenia, Moldova (which had been part of the Soviet Union) Russian Domain—Introduction— Russia is the largest country (in land area) on Earth, spans 11 time zones Rich in resources, but has one of the harshest climates The Russian domain has had extremely rapid political and economic change since 1990 From centrally planned (communism) economy to capitalism From authoritarian dictatorship to democracy Russian civilization has always paralleled the US Both started as small cultures, then expanded across their continent 1800s: benefited by fur trade, gold rushes and transcontinental railroads 1900s: benefited from rapid industrialization Both achieved significant global political and military influence Both became global leaders in weapons, steel and petroleum products Physical Geography— High latitude, marginal agricultural potential, metals and petroleum Rugged terrain limit settlement and agriculture Divided by the Ural Mountains (Dividing line) Most people settled in Eastern Russia, west of Ural Mountains Climate— High latitude and temperature extremes Cool continental climate in the west Short summers and cold subarctic climate in the east Benefit from global warming? (more area to grow food) Environmental Geography— World’s most severe environmental degradation Causes— Industrialization Urbanization Resource extraction Nuclear waste Devastated Environment— Almost 2/3 of Russian population live in an environment harmful to their health Seven decades of intense Soviet industrialization Careless mining and oil drilling (small nukes) Spread of nuclear contamination Rampant forest cutting E...
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