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Islam has around 1.3 billion followers Largest population in Indonesia Geopolitical Framework—
Geopolitics—used to describe the close link between geography and political activity
Impact of geography on politics
Focuses on the interaction between power, territory and space at all scales Territorial disputes, military control of land/water, etc.
Nationstate—a relatively homogeneous cultural group with its own fully independent political territory
Ex: Japan & Korea Comprised of two concepts/terms
Perfect nationstate relatively rare State—political entity recognized by other countries
Nation—refers to a large group of people who share numerous cultural elements such as language, religion, tradition and identity Many ethnic groups do not control their own land
Nations without recognized selfgoverned territory
Basques in Spain
Kurds in SW Asia Centrifugal & Centripetal Forces—(on exam)
Centrifugal forces—political forces that act to weaken or divide an existing state (Pulling apart)
Ethnic separatism, linguistic minorities, disparities in income
Centripetal forces—forces that promote political unity and reinforce state structure (Bringing together) Shared sense of history, need for national security, economic structure
European colonial power has been an important influence on today’s world
Colonialism—formal establishment of rule over a foreign population
Age of Discovery
Decolonization—process of a colony gaining control over its territory and establishing a separate independent government
Revolutionary War in the U.S.
Neocolonialism—economic and political strategies by which powerful states indirectly extend influence over weaker states Economic and Social Development—
Globalization and recent economic change—
Uneven development and growth
Imbalance of prosperity and social improvement
Rich getting richer, poor getting poorer
According to the World Bank, 53% of the world population lives on less than $2 a day
Accepted definition of poverty
Under $1 a day=extreme poverty
Why are some countries richer than others? Not easy answer, lots of factors involved!
Indicators of Economic Growth—
Development—qualitative and quantitative measure indicating structural changes
Industrialization and Modernization
Increase in quality of life
Better education, Health care, labor p...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.
- Spring '08