All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: lion followers Islam has around 1.3 billion followers Largest population in Indonesia Geopolitical Framework— Geopolitics—used to describe the close link between geography and political activity Impact of geography on politics Focuses on the interaction between power, territory and space at all scales Territorial disputes, military control of land/water, etc. Nation­state—a relatively homogeneous cultural group with its own fully independent political territory Ex: Japan & Korea Comprised of two concepts/terms Perfect nation­state relatively rare State—political entity recognized by other countries Nation—refers to a large group of people who share numerous cultural elements such as language, religion, tradition and identity Many ethnic groups do not control their own land Nations without recognized self­governed territory Basques in Spain Kurds in SW Asia Centrifugal & Centripetal Forces—(on exam) Centrifugal forces—political forces that act to weaken or divide an existing state (Pulling apart) Ethnic separatism, linguistic minorities, disparities in income Centripetal forces—forces that promote political unity and reinforce state structure (Bringing together) Shared sense of history, need for national security, economic structure European colonial power has been an important influence on today’s world Colonialism—formal establishment of rule over a foreign population Age of Discovery British Empire Decolonization—process of a colony gaining control over its territory and establishing a separate independent government Revolutionary War in the U.S. Neocolonialism—economic and political strategies by which powerful states indirectly extend influence over weaker states Economic and Social Development— Globalization and recent economic change— Uneven development and growth Imbalance of prosperity and social improvement Rich getting richer, poor getting poorer According to the World Bank, 53% of the world population lives on less than $2 a day Accepted definition of poverty Under $1 a day=extreme poverty Why are some countries richer than others? Not easy answer, lots of factors involved! Indicators of Economic Growth— Development—qualitative and quantitative measure indicating structural changes Industrialization and Modernization Increase in quality of life Better education, Health care, labor p...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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