All Notes for GEOG 2253

Japan

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Unformatted text preview: he region By 1900s, US became the dominant geopolitical force in the region Considered a “paradise” with postcard­perfect views, blue­green ocean waters and palm trees Major tourist destination Since 1960s, the Caribbean has been a playground for “Northern” vacationers Tourism dependent Poorer region that portrayed Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere Cuba and Dominican Republic suffer from serious economic problems Wide wealth disparities among countries in Caribbean Disparities among people within the individual countries as well Agricultural activity remains important Plantations as production Sugar as leading commodity Isolated proximity— Majority of Caribbean people are poor, living in the shadow of NA’s vast wealth Isolation—maintains cultural diversity, but limits its economic opportunities Proximity ensures its transnational connects and economic dependence European powers viewed this region as a strategic and profitable location More European nations colonized this region that mainland LA England, France, Netherlands, Denmark, Spain Strong African influence, virtually no indigenous legacy Caribbean explored extensively by Europeans within 50 years of discovery, wiped out native population at the time African slaves brought in to replace indigenous population for labor Climate and Vegetation— Warm all year, abundant rainfall (>80”) Rainy season from July to October Tropical Zone, with tropical forest and some grasslands Unstable atmospheric conditions spur hurricanes Hurricanes—storms with heavy rains and fierce winds (75 mph or stronger) Beginning in July, hurricanes pound the Caribbean Average 6 per year Cause loss of life and property Hurricane Ivan—2004, pounded the Caribbean (Grenada, Barbados, etc.) 70 lives lost and over $2 billion in losses Environmental Geography— Agriculture’s legacy of deforestation Europeans cleared much of the tropical rainforest Grow sugarcane Build houses and ships Viewed as unproductive Haiti’s forests almost gone (less than 3% remain) 30% remain in Jamaica and Dominican Republic Puerto Rico 25% Cuba 20% Area has been completely re...
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