All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: ng aside historical disagreements Formation of the European Union Supranational organization made up of 27 countries European Union— Initially the European Economic Community 1957, Treaty of Rome Economic integration 1965, Treaty of Rome II Created council, court and parliament 1991 renamed EU Treaty of Maastricht * 1999 adopted the Euro Common currency for business and trade UK utilizes the pound Not a member of the Monetary Union Europe at a Glance— Western Europe a wealthy region Progressive approach to environment; has recently become one of world’s “Greenest” regions Dealing with political and cultural tension resulting form immigration Eastern Europe faces different challenges Economic stagnation Environmental degradation Eastern Europe struggling to join the west Landscape Regions— European Lowlands— Major rivers, high population density, major cities, agriculture, industry Alpine Mountain system— Tallest peaks over 15K feet Central uplands— Between Alps and lowland, with iron, coal, etc. Western Highlands— Portugal, British Isles, Scandinavia: Fjords Highlands of Scotland The Alps— Mount Blanc—highest mountain in the Alps Climate— Latitude similar to Canada, yet much milder climates. What accounts for this? North Atlantic Current— Warm water current from North America’s Gulf stream moderates climate 3 Climate Types— Maritime climate Continental climate Mediterranean Climate Environmental Issues— Agriculture, resource extraction, industrial manufacturing, and urbanization have created air and water pollution and acid rain EU world leader in recycling waste, reduced energy use, and support the reduction of greenhouse gases Eastern Europe neglected its environment under Soviet­style economies; Soviet­ designed nuclear plants still pose a threat Money from the EU used to help Eastern Europe’s environmental problems Air pollution Water pollution Toxic dump sites in Eastern Europe Population and Settlement— Around half a billion people live in Europe Highest density in historical industrial core England Netherlands Northern France Western Germany Northern Italy Slow Growth— Birth rates lower than death raters (among world’s lowest); immigration prevents population low Causes—urbanization; women in workforce; available contraception; expensive housing Some countries offer incentives to have more children Migration— Immigration began in the 1960s...
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