All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: and services formerly controlled by governments Shift state­controlled industries to private business sector International migration— Disparities between rich and poor regions and countries drive people to relocate (illegally and legally in search of a better life Migrants are people that are working outside of their home country International workers, managers and executives MNC’s operating in developing countries require knowledge transfer and know­how Expatriates are professionals sent abroad by their companies (marketing manager, sale manager) Homogeneous global consumer culture Emergence of a “Global Village”?—diversity is in decline, people throughout world are starting to drive same cars, similar lifestyles Drive same cars Eat the same food (Diets changing) Watch the same TV programs Wearing same clothes/brands Listening to same music Speak same language Spread of global “symbols” (Stop sign) Globalization & Cultural Change— Consumer culture— Movies, videos, NBA t­shirts, McDonald’s, KFC, Internet, Cable TV, Cellphones Negative effect— Threatens or erodes local diversity (1/18/13) Western & Local Cultures Melded— Hybridization or syncretism—when forms of global popular culture spread abroad then are melded with local cultural traditions Attempts by McDonald’s to increase global reach despite local diversity Japan’s Teriyaki Burger India’s McAloo Tikki Burger New Zealand’s Kiwi Burger Global Growth—The Causes— Politics—demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War has created relative political stability Economics—collapse of Communism left free­market capitalism as the only logical way to run an economy New Countries entered the “Game” Technology—communication and the information revolution Information more accessible Impacts of Globalization— Geopolitics—end of Cold war opened up countries to trade and exchange Environmental—disruption of ecosystems. Air, water pollution, deforestation Migration—changes the demographic structure of countries Rise in criminal activities—terrorism, drugs, human trafficking, gambling and prostitution Advocates for and against Globalization— Globaliz...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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