All Notes for GEOG 2253

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Unformatted text preview: on (10% of US population) Metropolitan clusters dominate landscape(80% of pop. Is urbanized) US main Megalopolis (New England) DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia, NYC and Boston Almost 40 million people live in this corridor Other major metropolitan areas: Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas­Ft. Worth, Houston Contributions to growth— High rates of immigration in 1890s­1900s Families having large number of children “Baby boom” born after WWII between 1846­1965 38 million foreign born immigrants live in NA Even larger when think about illegal immigrants 3 stages of Historical expansion— Stage 1: 1600­17500—colonial footholds on East Coast Stage 2: 1750­1850—Western Expansion after Revolutionary War Stage 3: 1850­1910—westward movement for gold rushes and other opportunities Continental Sweep— 160 years to domesticate NA landscape largest & most rapid human transformation of landscape in history of human population North Americans on the move— 1 in 5 Americans move annually Tendency to move West. Why? Climate and Job market— Jobs tend to be in technology Cutting edge—dot­com business, Internet, computers Today’s fastest growing: Texas, Arizona, Nevada, Alberta & B.C. Rural to Urban migration— 1800s—5% lived in urban area 2000s—75% live in cities Reasons for urbanization Industrialization of farming Economically driven Opportunities for jobs, education and housing Urban Decentralization— Historical evolution of the city in the U.S. Urban decentralization—when metropolitan areas sprawl in all directions and suburbs emerge 1. Walking, horse cart (before 1888) 2. Electric streetcar (1888­1920) 3. Recreational automobile (1920­1945) 4. Freeway (1945­present) 2/8/13 Urban Sprawl—Spreading outward of a city to rural land Suburbs similar to cities Full­service urban centers Shopping, businesses, schools, restaurants and housing Ex: LA Consequence of Urban Sprawl— Resources flee the city for the suburbs Farmland converted Car dependen...
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