All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: , when labor shortages existed Europe’s dependence on guest workers Usually low wage Industry and service jobs Migrants from former colonies in Asia, Africa and Caribbean—New wave of immigrants from East Europe Migration Debate— Western Europe experiencing high unemployment (25% in some areas) Growing resistance to unlimited immigration Anti­Migration— Scares jobs should go to EU citizens first Concerns about terrorism Eroding of national culture Pro­Migration— Cheap labor and source of tax revenue Germany— 400,000 new immigrants annually 7.5 million foreigners 9% of population Germans struggle with cultural diversity 2 million Muslim Turks High unemployment Foreign workers are targets of ill will Migration— Fortress Europe Schengen Agreement— “Soft borders” within Europe—allows members of the EU to travel within member border states without a passport Establish “hard borders” on EU’s perimeter Spain, Italy, E. Europe Switzerland—selective nationals The Landscape of Urban Europe— Europe is highly urbanized More than 50% in most countries 90% in the UK and Belgium Most Europeans settlements near rivers 3 main landscape types— Medieval landscape—900­1500 AD Craped and densely populated, narrow, winding streets, few open spaces, lacking modern amenities, current residents low income Renaissance­Baroque—1500­1800 AD Wider streets, large gardens, monuments, created with an artistic sense of urban planning, limited by city fortifications Industrial—1800­present— Factories and industrial areas built on edge of city (outside of walls) led to urban sprawl development 4/5/13 Cultural Coherence and Diversity— A mosaic of differences Differences in languages, customs, religions have created local and regional identities Led to nationalism and conflict First Globalizers— European colonialism and imperialism influenced many world regions—spread of language, religion, sport, dress and economic systems Today many European countries...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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