All Notes for GEOG 2253

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Unformatted text preview: d, children obey parents Strong in China and Korea Earlier blamed for the backwardness of this region, today considered an advantage Confucianism dying out due to new ideas Religions— Mahayana (greater vehicle) Buddhism— Originated in India—6th century BCE Widespread in the region, but less than SE Asia Nonexclusive; followed with other beliefs Chinese—Buddhists and Taoists Japanese—Buddhists and Shinto Shinto— Closely bound to Japanese nationality Started as worship to nature spirits but now harmony of nature E.g. Mount Fuji, Shinto shrines, scenic places Taoism— Nature worship, spiritual harmony Indirectly associated with feng shui Designing buildings in accordance with spiritual power than flow through the local topography Minority Religions— Christianity popular and common in Korea 8.6 million Protestants and 5.1 million Catholics Christianity slowly spreading throughout China China has large population of Muslims East Asia one of the most secular regions on Earth Religion not very important for Japanese Communists discouraged Confucianism, etc. East Asian Cultures in Global Context— Historically, East Asia has isolated itself Discouraged Western influence Japan prioritized globalization after WWII English is studied for 6­10 years Similar emphasis on English in Korea and China Private language institutes very common Business meetings conducted in English Students study abroad Contributions to global culture Hong Kong’s action films – “Kung Fu Theater” Japan’s anime and karaoke Southern Korean culture extremely popular throughout Asia East Asian Cultures in Global Context— Japanese more open to different cultures Korea one of the most “wired” countries in the world Capitalist countries very “globalized” Chinese more self­sufficient, historically Communism promoted isolation Upon liberalization, China opened its doors Global popular culture growth since 1980s Karaoke bars, nightclubs, fast­foods shops, parks, etc. Internet and media censorship still prevalent Geopolitical Framework— Postwar Geopolitics Japan defeated in WWII Lost its colonial empire and territory reduced Japan was force...
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