All Notes for GEOG 2253

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Unformatted text preview: n in rural areas Village­based subsistence farming production Rural people less isolated than before Yet social and economical divides still exist Rapid growth during the 20th century European Migration (1870s­1930s) Latin American countries encouraged migration “Whiten” the mestizo population People of mixed European and Indian ancestry Greatest number went to Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Southern Brazil Approximately 8 million Europeans arrived Italians, Portuguese, Spaniards, Germans, etc. Asian migration (late 19th and 20th centuries) Chinese & Japanese Due to economic turmoil many Japanese returned to Japan in 1990s New wave of immigrants from South Korea 2/15/13 Latin American Migration to the US— Latin America has more emigration (leaving) then immigration(coming) (important) Main motives for migration— Pull factors—economic opportunities in the US “Economic migrants” US farms have utilized LA laborers for more than a century Push Factors—political and economic hardships Transnationalism—many migrants maintain close contact with their home countries LA mainly emigrate to North America, Europe and Japan Both skilled and unskilled labor, legal and illegal Most send monthly remittances (monies sent back home) 2007—$65 billion was sent back to LA from immigrants worldwide Cultural Coherence and diversity— Iberian colonialism— Shaped LA to the region we know today Forced assimilation of Amerindian societies Religion Language African slave trade Demographic collapse of native population LA was home to many complex civilization before Europeans arrived (Mayans, Incas, Aztecs) 1500: population of 47 million; 1650: 5 million 90% of indigenous population was eliminated Causes—disease, warfare, forced labor, collapse of food production system caused decline Largest indigenous population now: Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia Living is isolated areas LAND has been key to survival Indians are trying to secure recognized territory L...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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