All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: Russians are significantly minority in former Soviet republics Reverse Russification—several former republics imposed rigid citizenship and language requirements Encourage Russians to leave Russians experience discrimination 7 million Russians have returned to Russia The Cold Boundary video—conflict between Chinese and Russians Cultural Coherence and Diversity— Heritage of Russian Empire— Slavic peoples diffused from Central Europe Russian expansion paralleled European colonization in 1500s and 1600s Russia expanded eastward, advancing into Central Asia, to the border of Korea and Sea of Japan Empire remains intact long after European Countries gave up their colonies Geographies of Language— Slavic languages dominate in the Russian domain About 80% of Russia’s people are ethnic Russians Geographies of Religion— Soviets prohibited religions; religious revival underway now Eastern Orthodox Christianity most common US missionaries bringing Protestantism Non­Christian religions 20­25 million Sunni Muslims live in the North Caucasus Over 1 million Jews, mostly in larger western cities Russian Culture in Global Context Influence from West 1980s: Younger Russian generation rebelled against communist culture, adopted capitalists consumer culture American and European rock music became popular, along with American blue jeans, cigarettes and chewing gum In Post­Soviet era, globalization and consumerism flooded into Russia from the West and elsewhere Western books hit Russian bookstores English­language classes, McDonald’s popular Movies from India and Hong Kong; soap operas from Latin America Russia’s upper class: typically prefer BMWs, Rolex Watches Russians and the Net— Russia has the fastest growing Internet population in Europe Still only around 40% of the population The music scene— American and European popular music is gaining fans Home­grown music industry is evolving Russian MTV very popular Geopolitical Framework— Geopolitical structure of the former soviet union Russian Empire collapsed abruptly in 1917 Briefly, a broad­based coalition of businesspeople, workers and peasants replaced tsars Soon, Bolsheviks (faction of Russian communists representing the interest of the industrial workers) led by Lenin, centralized power and introduced communism (economic system) Soviet Geopolitical System— Bolsheviks created 15 republics that were supposed to be autonomous, however still under Moscow control Centralization and Expansion of Soviet Union Did not cause ethnic or religion differences to disappear Joseph Stalin— Centralized power in Moscow Architect behind state­controlled agriculture production and industrialization Never hesitated to use force to bring about...
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