All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: ith rise of Castro 5 islands host 70% of 14 million tourists who came to the region in 1991 (Puerto Rico, Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Cuba) Dominican Republic largest tourist destination San Juan the largest cruise­ship port Tourism is dependent on world economy and is vulnerable to natural disasters Tourism main source of income for smaller islands In decline, Americans & Europeans favoring domestic destinations Cruise Ships & Tourists— Capital Leakage—gap between gross income and total tourist dollars that remain in Caribbean Corporations win and locals lose Social Development— Improved health care, education and life expectancy Cuba’s educational improvements good Brain Drain—large percentage of the best­educated people leave the region Brain gain—in North America & Europe Matriarchal households (female dominated) Local street markets Household & community decisions Women employee in assembly plants, tourism EVERYTHING ABOVE IS FOR TEST 2 3/1/13 Chapter 11: East Asia Setting the Boundaries— China, Japan, South & North Korea, Taiwan East Asia at a Glance— Most heavily populated region in the world Around 1.5­1.6 billion people 22% of the world’s population twice the population of Europe Densely populated & highly urbanized Historically unified by common cultural features Sinosphere—under heavy Chinese cultural influence Chinese calendar and zodiac East Asian languages and derived from classical Chinese Major religions Buddhism and Confucianism History of colonization and isolation Relatively little European colonization Japanese imperialism 19th & 20th century American & British presence post WWII Persistent inter­regional rivalries China vs. Japan Integral component of the world economy and an emerging center of political power Japan one of the world’s wealthiest countries Tokyo comparable to London/New York One of the 3 “command centers” of the world’s economy “Asian Tigers”—South Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong (Singapore also but in SE Asia) Industrialized rapidly between 1960­1990 Advanced high­income economies China growing at an unprecedented rate However millions still remain in extreme poverty Most of the 20th century the region has been politically...
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