Nutrition A Slides 04.11

Needs for older adults nutrient need for calories

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Unformatted text preview: tic and age related Lifestyle – sedentary lifestyle – excessive alcohol intake, smoking excessive Dietary Dietary – – – – insufficient calcium intake and absorption iinsufficient vitamin D (diet and sunlight exposure) nsufficient high protein intake, high sodium intake, caffeine dietary restriction, weight loss, thinness dietary Gender Gender – female; diminished estrogen levels at menopause female; Nutrient Needs for Older Adults Nutrient Need for calories declines with age Need Protein, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin B 12, and Protein, and calcium needs increase with aging Physical activity in older years helps maintain muscle mass muscle Increased risk of dehydration due to Increased diminished thirst mechanisms and inadequate fluid intake fluid – Water requirements specifically included in dietary Water recommendations for older adults recommendations Fluid Needs Fluid Older people become dehydrated because Older they don’t feel thirsty they – Each year 1 million elderly people are Each admitted to hospitals for dehydration admitted Fluid needs from food and beverages: – Women: 11 cups/day – Men: 15 cups/day Nutrition During the Older Years Nutrition Factors to Consider Loss & loneliness Isolation Depression Decreasing income Disorientation & senility Diminished strength & Diminished stamina stamina Inability to procure or Inability prepare meals prepare Dependence upon others Dependence for transportation and other needs other Compromised dental Compromised health health Diminished taste acuity Diminished Chronic & acute illness Chronic Medication use Restriction of fluids Dehydration Diminished GI Diminished function/motility function/motility Meals-on-Wheels Long-term care Health and the Aging Adult Health Critical knowledge gaps exist for responding to Critical the health needs of older adults For chronic diseases and conditions much For remains to be learned about: remains – Distribution in the population – Associated risk factors Associated – Effective measures to prevent or delay onset Work ongoing in Alzheimer's disease, arthritis, Work depression, psychiatric disorders, osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, and urinary incontinence Parkinson's Protein and Calorie Needs throughout the Life Span throughout Ref. Weight Protein Needs Calorie Needs (g/kg/day) (kcal/kg/day) 0.0-0.5 year 0.5-1 year 1-3 years 4-8 years 9-13 years 14-18 years 19-30 years 31-50 years >50 years 6 kg 9 kg 12 kg 20 kg ♂ 36/37♀kg 36/37♀kg ♂ 61/54♀kg 61/54♀kg ♂ 70/57♀kg 70/57♀kg ♂ 70/57♀kg 70/57♀kg ♂ 70/57♀kg 70/57♀kg 1.52 1.5 1.1 0.95 0.95 0.85 0.8 0.8 0.8 ~ 90 ~ 80 ~ 85 ~ 85 ~ 60 ~ 50 ~ 42 ~ 39 ~ 35...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2014 for the course NURS 231A taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.

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