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Nutrition A Slides 04.11

Calories childrens diets children diets of children

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Unformatted text preview: late and vitamin C, & high saturated fat intake folate For children over age 3, 25 to 35% of calories For from fat recommended from – Saturated fat < 10% total calories Children’s Diets Children Diets of children over 2 years have: – – – Too few vegetables and fruits Too little calcium, zinc, and vitamins E, D, C, and B6 Too little dietary fiber Only ~9% eat 5 servings vegetables and fruits Only per day, most eat 2.5 or less per Children get half of recommended dietary fiber – Recommended intake: Age 1-3 yrs: 19 g/day; Recommended Age 4-8 yrs: 25 g/day; Girls 9-13 yrs: 26 g/day; Boys 9-13 yrs: 31 g/day Boys Soda has replaced milk as national beverage – Consequences: ↓calcium, ↓vitamin D, compromised Consequences: bone growth and health, ↑refined sugar, ?↑obesity bone Obesity in Children Obesity ©2007 Thomson Higher Education Being overweight has more than tripled since the Being 1960s in children and adolescents in the U.S. Causes of Overweight in Youth Causes “Obesigenic” trends: – Little physical activity – Plentiful energy-dense foods – Empty-calorie snacks – Large portion sizes Childhood Obesity Childhood High BMI in children associated with: – Either or both parents being overweight or Either obese obese – Living in smaller families or at poverty level – Consuming a high proportion of calories Consuming from fat from – Avid TV watching or screen time Television Viewing and Childhood Obesity Childhood Causative Factors: Displaces physical activity Increases caloric Increases consumption consumption – During television viewing – Response to advertising Reduces resting metabolic Reduces rate rate Overweight in Young People Overweight “Obesigenic” trends causing rising rates of Obesigenic” overweight young people overweight Less physical activity and more energydense food...
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