Nutrition A Slides 04.11

Responsible for how much of children the food

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Unformatted text preview: lts food is offered to the child quality, frequency, environment quality, – Children are responsible for how much of Children the food provided is eaten quantity quantity – Avoid pressure tactics Avoid and persuasion and What affects Food Preferences? What Food preferences are not inborn Food not Food likes and dislikes almost Food totally shaped by environment: totally − Which foods are offered Which − How foods are offered How − How frequently a food is offered How More about Food Preferences… More Number of taste buds diminish with age Number Parents may have to offer new food many times times – Humans born with caution toward new foods – “Rule of 15” Rule Restricting access to foods may result in negative effects on food preferences and health health Growth in Children Growth Between ages 2 and 10, children gain ~5 Between lbs and 2 to 3 in. in height per year lbs – Gains occur in accelerated growth periods or Gains “spurts” “spurts” Appetite increases, child stores fat prior to Appetite physiological “spurt” “spurt” During this accelerated growth period, fat During stores supply energy for growth stores Appetite Changes Appetite Children may eat very little when growth Children not occurring not “Food jags” As long as children remain in good health, As no reason to worry about fluctuations in appetite and food intake appetite Only children know when they are hungry Note if hungry too long, signal to eat can Note be overpowered be Growth Spurts Growth Girls: between 11 & 15 Boys: between 12 & 17 Onset age varies Onset considerably considerably Teens gain 50% of adult Teens weight, 20-25% of adult height, and 45% of total bone mass bone At peak, girls gain ~18 At lbs/yr; boys ~20 lbs/yr lbs/yr; ©2007 Thomson Higher Education Fat Intake Fat Normal growth and positive health seen in Normal children eating 21 - 35% of total calories from fat children < 21% calories from fat correlated with impaired 21% growth and development growth Fat intake > 35% correlated with obesity, low Fat fo...
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