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– Estimate of body fat
content Fig. 2, p. 94 Dietary Guidelines 2010
Balancing Calories to Manage Weight
Prevent and/or reduce overweight and obesity through
improved eating and physical activity behaviors.
Control total calorie intake to manage body weight. For
people who are overweight or obese, this will mean
consuming fewer calories from foods and beverages.
Increase physical activity and reduce time spent in
Maintain appropriate calorie balance during each stage
of life—childhood, adolescence, adulthood, pregnancy
and breastfeeding, and older age.
and Over 150 million American adults are
overweight or obese.
Increased risk of:
Hypertension Elevated cholesterol Type 2 diabetes Low HDL-cholesterol Coronary heart
disease Stroke Gallbladder disease Sleep apnea Certain cancers Shorter life expectancy Osteoarthritis Metabolic Abnormalities
70% of obese people have metabolic
abnormalities that increase disease risk
– Elevated triglycerides, glucose, or insulin
– Low HDL-cholesterol (“good cholesterol”)
– High C-reactive protein (inflammation marker)
– Elevated concentrations are associated with heart
disease, obesity, diabetes, inactivity, infection, smoking,
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- Spring '12