Nutrition B Slides 02.20

2p94 dietary guidelines 2010 dietary balancing

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Unformatted text preview: d squared – Estimate of body fat Estimate content content Fig. 2, p. 9­4 Dietary Guidelines 2010 Dietary Balancing Calories to Manage Weight http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Resources/DGA/Chapter2.pdf Prevent and/or reduce overweight and obesity through Prevent improved eating and physical activity behaviors. improved Control total calorie intake to manage body weight. For Control people who are overweight or obese, this will mean consuming fewer calories from foods and beverages. consuming Increase physical activity and reduce time spent in Increase sedentary behaviors. sedentary Maintain appropriate calorie balance during each stage Maintain of life—childhood, adolescence, adulthood, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and older age. and Over 150 million American adults are overweight or obese. overweight Increased risk of: Hypertension Elevated cholesterol Type 2 diabetes Low HDL-cholesterol Coronary heart Coronary disease disease Stroke Gallbladder disease Sleep apnea Certain cancers Shorter life expectancy Osteoarthritis Metabolic Abnormalities Metabolic 70% of obese people have metabolic 70% abnormalities that increase disease risk abnormalities – Hypertension – Elevated triglycerides, glucose, or insulin – Low HDL-cholesterol (“good cholesterol”) – High C-reactive protein (inflammation marker) – Elevated concentrations are associated with heart Elevated disease, obesity, diabetes, inactivity, infection, smoking, inadequat...
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