Nutrition B Slides 01.30

4 p 24 6 fda warns against use of botanicals with

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Unformatted text preview: status of user – other factors Potentially Beneficial Supplements Potentially Ginkgo biloba for Ginkgo Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer Cranberry for UTI Rose hips and senna Rose for constipation for SAMe and DHEA for SAMe depression depression Garlic for cholesterol Ginger for motion Ginger St John’’s wort for s depression depression sickness sickness Table 24.4, p. 24-6 FDA warns against use of botanicals with these active ingredients: these Aristolochic acid: kidney damage; carcinogenic Aristolochic Chaparral: liver damage Comfrey: liver damage; potential carcinogen Ephedra, ma huang (banned 12/2003): stimulant, Ephedra, increased heart rate and blood pressure, heart attack, nerve damage nerve Lobelia: breathing problems, rapid heartrate, low blood Lobelia: pressure, coma pressure, Germander: liver damage and disease Magnolia-stephania: kidney damage and disease Willow bark: Reye’s syndrome, allergic reaction Wormwood: neurological symptoms Yohimbe: kidney failure, seizures, paralysis, stomach Yohimbe: problems problems Table 24.5, p. 24-7 Functional Foods Functional AKA “neutraceuticals” AKA Functional foods are modified to enhance contribution to health contribution Formulated to improve health, or with high Formulated amounts of compounds to prevent disease amounts No statutory definition of “functional foods” No “functional No specific regulations that apply Functional Foods Functional Functional Foods Functional Functional foods include: – Whole foods – Enriched foods – Fortified foods – Enhanced foods Functional foods include sports bars, soups, Functional beverages, and spiked cereals beverages, Some carry labels with unsubstantiated Some health claims For these, the label “functional food” is a For marketing term marketing Health Benefits Health Functional food Potential health benefit Labeling claim Whole foods Oats Reduces cholesterol and constipation, May reduce the risk of heart disease reduces risk of heart disease Soy Reduces cholesterol, reduces risk of osteoporosis, certain cancers, and heart disease May reduce the risk of heart disease Fruits and vegetables Reduces risk of certain cancers and heart disease; reduces hypertension May reduce the risk of some cancers; May reduce the risk of heart disease Fish Reduces cholesterol and triglycerides None Garlic Reduces risk of heart disease and certain cancers, reduces cholesterol None Grapes/grape juice Reduces risk of heart disease Structure/function claim F...
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