Nutrition B Slides 01.30

Pregnant and lactating women increased need for some

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Unformatted text preview: inerals tend to form unabsorbable Minerals complexes with each other, reducing bioavailability of each bioavailability Who should take multi-vitaminWho mineral supplements? Pregnant and lactating women - increased need for some nutrients, of note iron & folate Women with heavy menstrual bleeding – iron (vitamin C) Women of childbearing age/premenopausal women Women – folate, iron, calcium Smokers – B vitamins, vitamin C Individuals who abuse alcohol – multivitamin-mineral supplement (Vitamin B1, folate, B6, C) Individuals with restricted or limited diets – multivitamin-mineral supplement Vegetarians – calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin B2 and B12, vitamin D Who should take multi-vitaminWho mineral supplements? Individuals with limited milk intake and/or sun Individuals exposure exposure – calcium, vitamin D Older adults (> 70 years of age) – calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B6 and B12, zinc Individuals with a health condition that affects Individuals nutrient utilization or absorption nutrient Individuals with compromised immune function Some infants – Vitamin D (breastfed infants), fluoride, iron For Vitamin-Mineral Supplements… For Don’t view as replacements for healthful foods Choose a combination that contains < 100% DV Choose for your age and gender for Avoid “mega”-doses or high potency formulas Avoid “mega”-doses For economy, consider the generic brand and For skip the extra ingredients that add to the cost, but offer no proven nutritional benefits but Check the expiration date Take only in recommended doses Supplement Savvy… Supplement The poorly defined term “natural” doesn’t mean The safe or healthful—and usually costs more! safe – Natural and synthetic forms generally have the same Natural chemical makeup and have no differences in absorption, utilization, or effectiveness absorption, Terms like “standardized”, “certified”, or “verified” Terms are not federally defined and do not guarantee product quality or potency product Marketing terms that only add to the price and Marketing have no proven advantage: “stress formula”, “sugar-free”, “starch-free”, “slow- or time“sugar-free”, release”, “high potency”… “High Potency” supplements Significantly in excess of the Daily Values for one or Significantly more nutrients/ingredients more Sometimes in excess of the “UL” (Tolerable Upper Intake Sometimes Level) Level) No current law prohibits supplement potency, exce...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2014 for the course NURS 231B taught by Professor Jamiepope during the Spring '12 term at Vanderbilt.

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