Unformatted text preview: ed modifications for the article to be accepted in the chosen journal, and the speed at which editors, printers and referees work. The normal steps are as follows: • After multiple drafts and a revision by the co‐authors, a manuscript is sent to the editor of a scientific journal. • The editor or one of the assistant editors who specializes in the subject of the manuscript asks experts in the field (2 to 5) to act as referees and sends each of them a copy of the manuscript. (1 week to 1 month) • The referees anonymously evaluate and criticize the manuscript (some journals, rather rare, use a double blind approach and arrange for the referees not to know the name of the author to prevent any bias), and return their evaluation to the editor (or assistant editor). (1 week to 3 months) • The editor or assistant editor evaluates the relevance of the criticisms made by the referees and sends the author the comments received and the decision (accepted, accepted with some revisions or rejected). In practice, almost all manuscripts have to...
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- Fall '08