G starches simple carbohydrates complex carbohydrates

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Unformatted text preview: ____ Carbohydrates complex _______________ Carbohydrates Carbohydrates _________________________ Starches _____________ = among the most important sources of dietary carbohydrates grains, legumes, potatoes, Found primarily in ________________________ yams ________________________________________ whole grain complex Unrefined (__________________) ___________ carbohydrates are ↑ in fibre, vitamins, minerals, and other compounds Also take longer to chew and digest, enter more slowly bloodstream ____________________________ Carbohydrates ______________: Weight Management Low carb diets (e.g., Atkins) contain _____carbs per day adherence difficult with < 35% of energy from carbohydrates People can lose ↑ weight at start of Atkins-type glycogen stores diet using up ____________________ (stored with ~10 lbs of water) low-carb and low-fat Weight loss: ________________________ diets not significantly different after 12 or 24 months Type of carb in diet is important complex, whole-grain carbs high in fibre _______________________________________ _______associated with ↑ satiety compared to refined carbs (sugar or white bread) which produce a rapid and sharp increase in insulin <30g 5 Fibre _______________________ Nondigestible carbohydrates plants provided by ______________________ intestinal tract Passes through the ____________________ and provides bulk for feces in large intestine Type 2 diabetes Can help ↓ risk of ___________________ and gastroint...
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