Unformatted text preview: are the major cell structures that are involved in protein synthesis? Trace the path of a protein from its synthesis to its secretion from the cell's plasma membrane. a. Nucleus Æ ER Æ Golgi Æ Cytoplasmic 5. What is the major distinction between a prokaryotic and a eukaryotic cell? a. A prokaryotic cell does not have a nucleus, whereas a eukaryotic cell does. b. A prokaryotic cell does not have DNA, whereas a eukaryotic cell does. c. A prokaryotic cell is smaller than a eukaryotic cell. d. Prokaryotic cells have not prospered, whereas eukaryotic cells are evolutionary “successes.” e. A prokaryotic cell cannot obtain energy from its environment. 6. The organelle below is found in all eukaryotic cells but is most numerous in cells requiring a lot of energy (liver cells have thousands). This organelle is known as a a. lysosome. b. Golgi apparatus. c. rough endoplasmic reticulum. d. mitochondrion. e. chloroplast....
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- Spring '08