GOV EXAM 1.docx - Review for Exam I US Government 2302 Monarchy Undivided rule or absolute sovereignty by a single person(RULE OF ONE Oligarchy small

GOV EXAM 1.docx - Review for Exam I US Government 2302...

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Review for Exam I US Government 2302 Monarchy: Undivided rule or absolute sovereignty by a single person (RULE OF ONE) Oligarchy: small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. (RULE OF FEW) Democracy: system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials (RULE OF PEOPLE) Totalitarianism: system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it (COMPLETE CONTROL, usually dictactor) Constitutionalism: system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of government Direct Democracy: system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and politics Indirect Democracy: people control the government through elected political officials/representatives. Political Culture: set of attitudes, beliefs and sentiments that give order and meaning to a political process and which provide the underlying assumptions and rules that govern behavior in the political system Majority Rule: democratic principle that a government follows the preferences of the majority of voters, often protecting the interests of the minority Constitution: body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed. Bicameral Legislatures: refers to a particular body of government that consists of two legislative houses or chambers. In certain variations, a bicameral system may include two parliamentary chambers. Republic: Aka representative democracy, a system of government in which the populace selects representatives, who play a significant role in government decision making Bill of Rights: 1 st 10 amendments; limit power of fed. Gov. and guarantee citizens of the U.S. certain rights. Federalism: power is divided by constitution, w/ central (national) gov & regional (state) gov Federalists: aka Nationalists, preferred a strong national gov, supported doc at Constitutional Convention Antifederalists: preferred strong state gov and weak national gov, opposed doc at Constitutional Convention The Articles of Confederation: America’s 1st written constitution; served as basis for national gov until 1789 Exec. Branch: None Judic. Branch: No federal court system, judiciary only at state Legis: Branch: Unicameral legislature w/ equal rep. per state. Delegates to congress of the confed. were appointed by states Fiscal & econ powers: Nat. gov is dependent upon the states to collect taxes the states are free to coin their own money, print paper money, and sign commercial treaties w/ foreign governments Nat. gov is dependent upon state militias, can’t form an army in peacetime State constitutions and state law are supreme National Supremacy Mentioned in Article VI “the supremacy clause” National laws and treaties “shall be the supreme Law of the Land” and superior to all laws adopted by any state or subdivision States are expected to respect federal laws made under “the authority of the U.S”

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