10. Priests and cult


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Unformatted text preview: inividual or a deity. •  Very complex and mulB‐faceted concept: some gods could have several Ka's (e.g., the "12 Ka's" and "7 Ba's" of Re. Ka statue of king Hor, 13th dynasty Priestly posi3ons and ranks – priests were almost exclusively men (with some excepBons, women could always work in temples as musicians/singers) – different categories of priests, in parBcular the (skilled) hem‐netjer "god's servant" (tradiBonally also translated as "prophet" [aZenBon!] or "priest") – First prophet = high priest, in larger temples posiBon of 2nd to 4th prophet – these "prophets" were allowed to enter the temple proper but only the high priest would enter the holy of holies and manipulate the divine statue – specific local Btles, e.g., high priest of Heliopolis was called "the Greatest of Seers", the high priest of Memphis "the Chief Cra6sman" – need for cleansing and purificaBon (washing, shaving) and prohibiBon of carrying animal hides or wool – linen as the prescribed texBle Thoth as the ideal lector priest Lector priest with papyrus sheet and feather headdress Procession with different priestly ranks – so‐called wab‐priests (or "pure priests"), lowermost category – other priestly categories such as "god's father" – specialized priestly professions such as the lector priest ("the one who carries the fesBval scroll"), the ritualist ("the one who presides over the secret") and the horologue ("hour priest," watched over the correct observaBon of dates and Bmes) Astronomical devices of the horologue Hor: aiming device and starclock (Merkhet). The inscripBons on the two instruments say: "Watching over the correct progress of the fesBval. To assign everybody according to his hourly service." "I know the course of the two disks (= sun and moon) and of all the stars at their posiBons." Priestly genealogy of Memphis – priestly posiBons were o6en hereditary – the sem priest (in funerary rituals, such as "Opening of the Mouth" ceremony) – leopard skin (also o...
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