2. Afterlife

Mastabas 2 rock tombs 3 shaft tombs 4 surface

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Unformatted text preview: ctural types of private tombs – religious purpose and function of the MK private tombs 4 main types of tombs attested in the Nile Valley during the Middle Kingdom / 12th dynasty: (1) Mastabas (2) Rock tombs (3) Shaft tombs (4) Surface tombs (pit tombs) – archaeological interest and historical reality – imagining the difference in wealth / affordability – simple pit tomb – rock tombs emulating royal architecture Social discrepancy between the elite and the poor Monthly wages: servant 4.5 copper units simple worker / craftsman 7 copper units (1.5 sack of barley and 4 sacks of emmer) foreman or a scribe 9.5 copper units Seal-bearer (mid-range official) 190 copper units purchasing power: 1 pair of leather sandals: 5 CU 1 sheet of linen: 10 CU 1 simple wooden box: 10 CU Wood for a coffin: Manufacturing & painting 100 copper units 40 copper units As a comparison: Tutankhamun’s inner golden coffin: 110 kg of gold As a comparison: Tutankhamun’s inner golden coffin: 110 kg of gold Value of gold was 200 times higher than that of copper. The inner coffin was therefore worth 22,000 kilograms of copper or 242,000 copper units. As a comparison: Tutankhamun’s inner golden coffin: 110 kg of gold Value of gold was 200 times higher than that of copper. The inner coffin was therefore worth 22,000 kilograms of copper or 242,000 copper units. This was equal to 35,000 monthly wages = 3,000 years of work of a simple craftsman and still 1275 monthly wages = 100 years of work of a mid-range state official! As a comparison: Tutankhamun’s inner golden coffin: 110 kg...
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