2. Afterlife

This was equal to 35000 monthly wages 3000 years of

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Unformatted text preview: of gold Value of gold was 200 times higher than that of copper. The inner coffin was therefore worth 22,000 kilograms of copper or 242,000 copper units. This was equal to 35,000 monthly wages = 3,000 years of work of a simple craftsman and still 1275 monthly wages = 100 years of work of a mid-range state official! This did not include the manufacturing itself! Social structure of the MK is still poorly understood 3 models: Social structure of the MK is still poorly understood 3 models: “prescriptive society” (B. Kemp) – rigidly regulated by the king, – little diversity between the poles of the elite and the subjects Social structure of the MK is still poorly understood 3 models: “prescriptive society” (B. Kemp) – rigidly regulated by the king, – little diversity between the poles of the elite and the subjects tripartite society (majority view) – elite of power, middle class, lower class of dependants, servants and farmers widely ‘un-prescribed’ society – several socio-economic layers of society which functioned at least partially outside the government Umbrella (1) Mastabas (1) Mastabas In the Middle Kingdom, – with internal chambers or – massive superstructure with texts on the outer walls Mastaba tombs of high officials – near pyramid complexes Pyramid complexes of the Middle Kingdom: Lisht, Illahun,Hawara, Dahshur Internal rooms – Mastaba of Antefiqer, Lisht External texts – Khnumhotep at Dahshur Rock tombs: (1) the tombs of the provincial governors Beni Hassan el-Bersheh Meir Assiut Qaw el-Kebir Elephantine Tomb of Amenemhet, Beni Hassan – porticco with 2 octogonal columns – rectangular cult chamber with three longitudinal barrel vaults supported by four channelled columns – statue niche at the east wall Tomb of Khnumhotep II, east wall (Beni Hasan 3) Regional variety: Rock tomb of Wahka II, Qaw el-Kebir – modelled on the funerary temples of royal pyramids (with valley temple and causeway) – pylon – columned court – upper terrace with portico and pillared hall – cult chambers Regional va...
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