HistoryMidterm - CONSTITUTIONUNIT England ~ ~Thecolon

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HISTORY MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE CONSTITUTION UNIT How did the French and Indian War contribute to the colonists decision to rebel against England? ~The colonists had to pay extra taxes to cover for the war efforts that the British were undergoing and for security costs for Native Americans ~The colonists had gotten used to Salutary Neglect, ( British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, meant to keep the American colonies obedient to Great Britain) so they were mad about the taxes and trading regulations ~ British acts such as the Stamp Act and the Intolerable Acts led to tension in the colonists that eventually led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence. Which British policies were significant factors in the American decision to Declare Independence? ~The Stamp Act: took revenue from colonies by requiring a stamp on newspapers and legal and commercial documents (encouraged movement against the crown) ~ The Tea Act: expanded Britain’s monopoly on all tea trade with the British East India Company and while it never imposed new taxes, it make people think that it could worsen the business of merchants on the coast ~ Intolerable acts: King closed Boston harbor to anything but British ships, sent lots of British troops to Boston, and civilians must house and feed them, basically british officials would escape justice What Enlightenment ideas are reflected in the Declaration of Independence? ~John Locke ­ Natural Rights of a Man: Life, Liberty, and property ­Social Contract: people agree to accept a governments authority, and the government protects their natural rights ­Right of Rebellion: If govt violates SC by abusing people’s rights, they have the right to rebel and create a new government. What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence and what rights does it assert that we have? ~To declare independence from England and create the United States of America ~ To establish goals for society ~rights above What were some of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? How did the Constitution correct these weaknesses? ~ Weaknesses: Congress could only pass resolutions and implore the states for war support;
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Each state got only one votes, so there were many disagreements within the state; Nine state majority vote for most important decisions (could paralyze congress); congress could not raise troops or levy taxes ~ Shared power between National Government and states What issues arose at the Constitutional Convention? ~Virginia plan­ small states didn’t like it ~NJ plan­ equal representation ~Great compromise­ Bicameral legislature with both types of representation What are the arguments for and against the ratification of the Constitution? ~Federalists: believed people needed rules and guidelines ~Anti­Federalists: actively opposed Constitution; didn't want a ‘republican empire; believed republican liberty only worked in small societies; believed the branches of govt would still be able
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