HistoryMidterm

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Unformatted text preview: ts (submarines) and sinking both passenger and trading ships. This angered many American people and they called it mass murder. It was also putting many Americans in danger, as there were many occurrences of American ships being sunk. Committee on Public Information ­ Convince public and senators that war was real and reasons of going to war were good; propaganda campaigning Espionage Act­ Prison was the consequence for people who aided the enemy of willfully are not loyal or refuse military service to the USA Sedition Act ­ Prohibited disloyal, profane, scurrilous, and abusive remarks about the government, American flag, or uniform of the USA; also, citizens could not purchase war bonds War Guilt Clause­ Reparations section of TOV; stated that Germans were at fault for the war and therefore accepted responsibility for the loss and damage and must pay reparations Reparations­ Germans had to pay to other countries because they were to blame for the war Alice Paul­ fought for women’s right to vote, from the movie, used extreme tactics Jeffrey Renz Treaty of Versailles­ ended WWI but didn’t fix any of the problems, included the war guilt clause and the League of Nations, was not signed by the US; Germany limited to 100,000 troops; France got Alsace­Lorraine; Germany forced to pay major reparations Paris Peace Conference­ Versailles Treaty negotiated Woodrow Wilson­ Presidential term from 1912­1920; Head of Option 1 (Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations, Article X); Internationalist Herbert Hoover ­Organized the return of 120,000 Americans from Europe (students, tourists, etc); head of US food admin “food will win the war” Lusitania ­ A german U­Boat sank the British passenger ship the Lusitania, and killed ~100 American passengers on the ship National Security League ­ Nationalistic, Militaristic organization the supported Americanisation for immigrants, strong military, etc Lucy Burns­ helped Alice Paul, also used extreme tactics; woman's rights activist; from National woman's party Carrie Chapman Catt­ fought for women’s right to vote, from movie, tried to reason with Wilson; was more successful than Alice Paul in her campaign for the 19th amendment Progressive­ someone who wanted reforms in society during this era Internationalist ­ believed there should be more cooperation across national borders; wanted TOV, LON, and Article X with no amendments Reservationist ­ wanted treaty with reservations; did not want Article X because they didn’t support the fact the Congress had no power in deciding when to declare war; Approved of TOV and LON Irreconcilable­ enemies of President Wilson, Fiercely opposed the treaty (option 3); Succeeded Montana Sedition­ Anyone who criticizes the government during wartime or incited resistance with a fine up to $20,000 and 20 years in prison 1920’s Key Questions: 1. Why did nativist sentiment increase during the 1920s? ­ They started fear; were less educated; Jewish; clustered in small neighborhoods; weren't patriotic towards America; were willing to work for less money; most Americans didn’t want anything to do with Europe (which is where they were coming from0 2. Who supported Prohibition? Who opposed it? Why was it so difficult to enforce? How did attitudes regarding Prohibition reflect the larger social trends of the era? ­supported by the Klan ­thought to reduce crime ­opposed by the public, often broken ­difficult to enforce because alcohol was so high in demand ­gansters, crime; people were forced into obtaining alcohol etc. illegally 3. How did family life change during the 1920s? ­telephones, radios, cars all introduced ­many children went to work ­new appliances ­family size decreased due to increase in birth control 4. What were some of the impacts of the rise of the automobile in the 1920s? ­easier transportation ­buying on margin ­assembly line 5. How was the KKK of the 1920s different from the earlier Klan? Who led its rebirth? ­against catholics, foreigns, gays, jews, etc (not just blacks) ­led by William J. Simmons ­only took whites (thoro...
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