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Unformatted text preview: events which inspired the formation of the "second era" Ku Klux Klan Palmer Raids­ part of the Red Scare, attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States John T. Scopes­ Prosecuted for teaching evolution in Tennessee Alfred Sloan­ reorganized General motors by dividing it into divisions and creating a top management team Calvin Coolidge­ pro­business President, said, “the man who builds a factory builds a temple” Henry Ford­ Well known anti­Semite Anti­Saloon League­ the leading organization lobbying for prohibition in the United States Alain Locke­ Wrote The New Negro, first black Rhodes Scholar Buying on Margin­ buying securities with cash borrowed from a broker, using other securities as collateral Hawley­Smoot Tariff­ a law that created taxes on imports and is widely considered to have made the Great Depression worse Installment Plan­ credit system where payment for merchandise/items is made in installments over a pre­approved period of time; people payed for expensive things such as cars and telephones on credit Warren Harding­ Led to the “Teapot Dome” scandal as President John J. Raskob­ Chair of the Democratic National Committee and believed anyone could get rich by investing in the stock market Mabel Walker Willebrandt­ known as the "First Lady of Law", was the U.S. Assistant Attorney General from 1921 to 1929, handling cases concerning violations of the Volstead Act, federal taxation, and the Bureau of Federal Prisons William Jennings Bryan­ Presidential candidate who prosecuted John T. Scopes for teaching evolution in Tennessee THE NEW DEAL AND GREAT DEPRESSION 1. What caused the Dust Bowl? What states did the Dust Bowl take place in? What were the major effects of the Dust Bowl for the farmers in those states? ­caused by excessive drought and farming ­mostly Oklahoma ­migration to California The Dust Bowl was caused by both environmental and human causes. The environmental causes included below average rainfall and record heat. The human causes were overgrazing, overplowing, and uncontrolled use of the land. There was also indiscriminate planting, which exposed the soil. The states the Dust Bowl took place in were Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Texas, and a very small portion of Nebraska. The major effects of the Dust Bowl for the farmers in those states were that the storm literally removed the topsoil from the land, making it almost impossible to farm. Over 350,000 people who were affected from Oklahoma alone moved to California in hope of a better life. 2. What were some of the major long­term political and economic effects of the New Deal? The New Deal basically created the base for our modern American government. It set up Social Security and Pension Plans, which are still in use today. [What are the other long­term consequences of the Depression and New Deal? The rise of the "Roosevelt Coalition" of farmers, union members, working class people, Northern blacks and liberals made the Democratic Party the nation's dominant party for almost sixty years. Further, the political consensus that developed after World War II held that never again should the government allow another depression to take hold. Thus, there followed an unprecedented level of federal economic intervention. This huge expansion in the role, size and power of government in American social and economic life is aptly summed up in Republican President Richard Nixon's famous 1971 remark, "We're all Keynesians now."] From: http://iws.collin.edu/kwilkison/Online1302home/20th%20Century/DepressionNewDeal.html 3. How did California respond to the Dust Bowl? How did the Dust Bowl affect that state’s agricultural economy? 4. What were the major differences between the AFL and the CIO during this era? What organizing strategy did the AFL use to gain members? 5. Why did the political right object to the New Deal? Who on the political left objected to the N...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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