Unformatted text preview: es tally their popular vote; all electors from that state vote for their most popular candidate in Electoral College
Executive Powers: Executes the law
Judicial Powers: Interprets the law
Legislative Powers: Makes the law
Congress Powers: power to tax
provide for nations defense
What are some examples of concurrent powers?
~Borrowing money; imposing taxes; administering a court system; chartering banks.
What are the specific powers of the House and the Senate?
~House: Impeaching; any bill that deals with taxes; raise revenue through taxes; elect president
incase of tie in Electoral College
~Senate: Impartial jury in impeachments; ratify treaties; confirms presidents government officials
by a 2/3 vote
What powers belong to the states?
~Regulating trade within a state; maintaining schools; establishing local govts; conducting
elections; making laws about marriage and divorce Key Terms
French and Indian war: cost a lot of money to fight the war, so the British imposed a lot of taxes
on the colonists
Declaration of Independence:
Articles of Confederation: First attempt at a constitution; gave too much powers to states and
served as a base for our constitution today
New jersey plan: AOC as base of Government; Congress to regulate foreign and interstate
powers; congress has power to tax; equal representation
Virginia plan: powerful national govt; bicameral congress; president chosen by congress;
national judiciary/council of revision; proportional representation
Shay’s Rebellion:Daniel Shays led 1,200 men to federal arsenal in protest that the national
government could not help them with their money problems (4 men shot and killed) [showed the
weakness in the Federal government] Supremacy clause: national laws have priority over state laws
Elastic clause: Stretches out the power of the congress to do whatever it takes to put their
powers into action
Impeachment process: Congress takes 2/3 vote whether or not to impeach
Census: every 10 years; take count of every citizen
Australian Ballot: a secret private ballot
Judicial Review: When they call a law unconstitutional (or review a law)
Writ of Habeas Corpus: a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
3/5 compromise: an African American counted as 3/5th a person
Marbury v Madison: The first time judicial review was used
Common sense: Written by Thomas Paine; denied legitimacy of the monarchy; Declared for
Americans to defend their liberties
Amend 1: Congress can’t establish a religion or make laws limiting practice of religion, freedom
of speech, press, peaceful assembly or peaceful petition
Amend 4: People are protected against having themselves or their possesions searched or
taken by the government without a legitimate reason.
Amend 5: Right to remain silent and right to due process in court. Also the right to a trial by jury.
Cannot be tried multiple times for the same crime (double jeopardy)
Amend 6: The accused has the right to know why they’re accused and get a quick and public
trial. if they cannot afford a lawyer, one will be appointed. They have a right to have a witness and
get it tried in front of a jury.
Amend 8: Bail price, fines and punishments must be reasonable and fair in terms of the crime. THE PROGRESSIVE ERA
What was Progressivism?:
Progressivism in the United States is a broadly based reform movement that reached its height
early in the 20th century and is generally considered to be middle class and reformist in nature. It
arose as a response to the vast changes brought by modernization, such as the growth of large
corporations and railroads, and fears of corruption in American politics
Problems facing the U.S.: Exploitation of child labor, corruption in government and business
practices, and anti African American acts such as lynching; Poverty and income inequality
Goals of the Progressive Movement: “purification of government”, or limiting corruption in
government; increase public awareness of social problems; pass laws; and reconstruct the
How did Progressivism affect the structure of local, state and national government?
(Initiative, Recall, Commission form of government, etc).
What major laws and constitutional amendments came out of the Progressive movement?
19th amendment: Women get the right to vote
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