HistoryMidterm

Regulatingtradewithinastatemaintainingschoolsestablish

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Unformatted text preview: es tally their popular vote; all electors from that state vote for their most popular candidate in Electoral College Executive Powers: Executes the law Judicial Powers: Interprets the law Legislative Powers: Makes the law Congress Powers: ­power to tax ­provide for nations defense ­interstate commerce ­borrow money ­declare war What are some examples of concurrent powers? ~Borrowing money; imposing taxes; administering a court system; chartering banks. What are the specific powers of the House and the Senate? ~House: Impeaching; any bill that deals with taxes; raise revenue through taxes; elect president incase of tie in Electoral College ~Senate: Impartial jury in impeachments; ratify treaties; confirms presidents government officials by a 2/3 vote What powers belong to the states? ~Regulating trade within a state; maintaining schools; establishing local govts; conducting elections; making laws about marriage and divorce Key Terms French and Indian war: cost a lot of money to fight the war, so the British imposed a lot of taxes on the colonists Declaration of Independence: Articles of Confederation: First attempt at a constitution; gave too much powers to states and served as a base for our constitution today New jersey plan: AOC as base of Government; Congress to regulate foreign and interstate powers; congress has power to tax; equal representation Virginia plan: powerful national govt; bicameral congress; president chosen by congress; national judiciary/council of revision; proportional representation Shay’s Rebellion:Daniel Shays led 1,200 men to federal arsenal in protest that the national government could not help them with their money problems (4 men shot and killed) [showed the weakness in the Federal government] Supremacy clause: national laws have priority over state laws Elastic clause: Stretches out the power of the congress to do whatever it takes to put their powers into action Impeachment process: Congress takes 2/3 vote whether or not to impeach Census: every 10 years; take count of every citizen Australian Ballot: a secret private ballot Judicial Review: When they call a law unconstitutional (or review a law) Writ of Habeas Corpus: a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge 3/5 compromise: an African American counted as 3/5th a person Marbury v Madison: The first time judicial review was used Common sense: Written by Thomas Paine; denied legitimacy of the monarchy; Declared for Americans to defend their liberties Amend 1: Congress can’t establish a religion or make laws limiting practice of religion, freedom of speech, press, peaceful assembly or peaceful petition Amend 4: People are protected against having themselves or their possesions searched or taken by the government without a legitimate reason. Amend 5: Right to remain silent and right to due process in court. Also the right to a trial by jury. Cannot be tried multiple times for the same crime (double jeopardy) Amend 6: The accused has the right to know why they’re accused and get a quick and public trial. if they cannot afford a lawyer, one will be appointed. They have a right to have a witness and get it tried in front of a jury. Amend 8: Bail price, fines and punishments must be reasonable and fair in terms of the crime. THE PROGRESSIVE ERA What was Progressivism?: Progressivism in the United States is a broadly based reform movement that reached its height early in the 20th century and is generally considered to be middle class and reformist in nature. It arose as a response to the vast changes brought by modernization, such as the growth of large corporations and railroads, and fears of corruption in American politics Problems facing the U.S.: Exploitation of child labor, corruption in government and business practices, and anti African American acts such as lynching; Poverty and income inequality Goals of the Progressive Movement: “purification of government”, or limiting corruption in government; increase public awareness of social problems; pass laws; and reconstruct the government How did Progressivism affect the structure of local, state and national government? (Initiative, Recall, Commission form of government, etc). What major laws and constitutional amendments came out of the Progressive movement? ­ 19th amendment: Women get the right to vote ­ 16th a...
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