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50% of members were women
6. Identify the major figures in the Scopes Trial. What was the trial about? What
happened to Scopes? What was its significance?
John T. Scopes, William Jennings Bryan
teaching evolution in Tennessee
Found guilty, but no consequence
showed that even though there was no established religion in the constitution, it was illegal to
teach something other than what the bible taught in school
challenged the legitimacy of the first amendment
7. How did the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti reflect the fears of the 1920s?
aftermath pointed out ethnic prejudice and divisions in American society and in the American
judicial system 8. In what ways was the music of the 1920s—as represented by Louis Armstrong, Duke
Ellington and Bessie Smith—groundbreaking and new?
on the radio
no African Americans had been seen as contributing to American culture, so this was really the
first time they could do that successfully
African Americans were being respected for their career 9. What was the major cause of the strikes of the early 1920s?
bad pay, long hours, bad working conditions
major poverty/Great Depression
10. How did the Bolshevik revolution impact American society?
caused fear of foreigners
fear of communism in the U.S.
blamed everything on communists
caused the Palmer Raids and other unconstitutional actions
11. How did women’s lives change in the 1920s? How did their lives remain the same?
more sexual freedom
house chores/stay at home/ increase in technology such as vacuums, which raised the
standards for household cleanliness
option of jobs
increased birth control
12. Why did African Americans migrate in large numbers to the North in the 1920s?
What were some of the positive and negative outcomes of their migration?
for work as a result of a labor shortage in the North because of the war
reduced European migration
agricultural depression in the south
most workers unskilled in factory work
black ghettos, racial tension, violence
13. What major policies/issues characterized the Harding, Coolidge and Hoover
14. Explain how the economy of the 1920s was unstable and led to the Great Depression.
How/why did the Great Depression become a global depression? income inequality
Dawes plan had us lending money to Germany, Germany couldn’t pay England and France
after we stopped giving them money
15. Why were celebrities such as Charles Lindbergh and Babe Ruth so popular in the
1920s? How did their accomplishments help unify American society?
reaffirmed belief in the “American Dream”
16. Explain the origins and significance of the Palmer Raids.
Palmer convinced that communist revolution/takeover was a real and immediate threat to the
organized special antiradical division withing the department of justice
one of the most massive violations of American liberties to date
17. What were the strategies and goals of welfare capitalism? take care of the poor 18. How did buying stocks on margin contribute to the 1929 stock market crash?
people couldn’t pay back their credits
Volstead Act The law that enforced Prohibition
Marcus Garvey Militant black leader from Jamaica, founded Universal Negro Improvement
Stock v. Bond financial instruments for investors to obtain a return and for companies to raise
capital; stocks offer an ownership stake in the company and bonds are loans made to the
Dawes Plan an attempt in 1924 for the Triple Entente to collect war reparations debt from
Germany after WWI
Herbert Hoover President who believed strongly in laissezfaire; secretary of Commerce
during the 20’s
John Reed American journalist and sot who was briefly sympathetic to the Soviet Union
Al Smith American statesman who was elected the Governor of New York three times, and was
the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928
Birth of a Nation a film credited as one of the...
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