HistoryMidterm

Scopesforteaching evolutionintennessee

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Unformatted text preview: ughly protestant) ­50% of members were women 6. Identify the major figures in the Scopes Trial. What was the trial about? What happened to Scopes? What was its significance? ­John T. Scopes, William Jennings Bryan ­teaching evolution in Tennessee ­Found guilty, but no consequence ­showed that even though there was no established religion in the constitution, it was illegal to teach something other than what the bible taught in school ­challenged the legitimacy of the first amendment 7. How did the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti reflect the fears of the 1920s? ­foreigners ­radicals ­aftermath pointed out ethnic prejudice and divisions in American society and in the American judicial system 8. In what ways was the music of the 1920s—as represented by Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington and Bessie Smith—groundbreaking and new? ­Jazz music ­black singers ­on the radio ­ no African Americans had been seen as contributing to American culture, so this was really the first time they could do that successfully ­African Americans were being respected for their career 9. What was the major cause of the strikes of the early 1920s? ­bad pay, long hours, bad working conditions ­major poverty/Great Depression ­income equality 10. How did the Bolshevik revolution impact American society? ­caused fear of foreigners ­fear of communism in the U.S. ­blamed everything on communists ­caused the Palmer Raids and other unconstitutional actions 11. How did women’s lives change in the 1920s? How did their lives remain the same? ­more sexual freedom ­house chores/stay at home/ increase in technology such as vacuums, which raised the standards for household cleanliness ­option of jobs ­increased birth control ­flappers 12. Why did African Americans migrate in large numbers to the North in the 1920s? What were some of the positive and negative outcomes of their migration? ­for work as a result of a labor shortage in the North because of the war ­reduced European migration ­agricultural depression in the south ­most workers unskilled in factory work ­black ghettos, racial tension, violence 13. What major policies/issues characterized the Harding, Coolidge and Hoover administrations? ? 14. Explain how the economy of the 1920s was unstable and led to the Great Depression. How/why did the Great Depression become a global depression? ­income inequality ­Dawes plan had us lending money to Germany, Germany couldn’t pay England and France after we stopped giving them money 15. Why were celebrities such as Charles Lindbergh and Babe Ruth so popular in the 1920s? How did their accomplishments help unify American society? ­reaffirmed belief in the “American Dream” ­role models ­individual initiative/technology 16. Explain the origins and significance of the Palmer Raids. ­unconstitutional ­Palmer convinced that communist revolution/takeover was a real and immediate threat to the U.S. ­organized special antiradical division withing the department of justice ­one of the most massive violations of American liberties to date 17. What were the strategies and goals of welfare capitalism? ­ take care of the poor 18. How did buying stocks on margin contribute to the 1929 stock market crash? ­ people couldn’t pay back their credits ­unpaid mortgages Volstead Act­ The law that enforced Prohibition Marcus Garvey­ Militant black leader from Jamaica, founded Universal Negro Improvement Association Stock v. Bond­ financial instruments for investors to obtain a return and for companies to raise capital; stocks offer an ownership stake in the company and bonds are loans made to the company. Dawes Plan­ an attempt in 1924 for the Triple Entente to collect war reparations debt from Germany after WWI Herbert Hoover­ President who believed strongly in laissez­faire; secretary of Commerce during the 20’s John Reed­ American journalist and sot who was briefly sympathetic to the Soviet Union Al Smith­ American statesman who was elected the Governor of New York three times, and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928 Birth of a Nation­ a film credited as one of the...
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