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Unformatted text preview: s well as in action." Was the U.S. ever truly neutral in all senses of the word? Why or why not? What made WWI unlike any other war before it? ­New technology, better weapons, communication, transportation, etc. ­Resulted in new techniques (trench warfare i.e., war of attrition) Why did the U.S. abandon its policy of neutrality to enter the war? ­Public opinion ­Zimmerman Telegram ­Russian Revolution and collapse of the eastern front in the war ­German continuation of unrestricted u­boat warfare on US ships What major Progressive reforms did President Wilson support just before the U.S. became involved in World War I? Why did Wilson change his mind and support these reforms? Wilson changed his mind because he realized the only reason he won the election in 1912 because the Republican vote was split between Republican Taft and Progressive Roosevelt. He knew he could gain the Progressive party votes as well if he approved some progressive reforms. These included the Keating­Owens Act (No child labor) and nominating Louis Brandeis into the Supreme Court. His plan worked and he was reelected in 1916. What were the major ideas contained in the 14 Points? The major ideas of the 14 points were: ­No secret treaties ­Free navigation on high seas ­Free trade encourage ­Reduce armaments ­When colonizing: take into consideration colonized people’s welfare and ideas How did World War I affect African Americans? ­ There became a labor shortage in America because they What were the major responsibilities of the War Industries Board, the Food Administration, the War Trade Board and the National War Labor Board? What were the major features of the Espionage Act and the Sedition Act? What types of activities were illegal under these acts (be specific)? Espionage Act­ Prison was the consequence for people who aided the enemy of willfully are not loyal or refuse military service to the USA Sedition Act ­ Prohibited disloyal, profane, scurrilous, and abusive remarks about the government, American flag, or uniform of the USA; also, citizens could not purchase war bonds ****­ESPIONAGE ACT IS STILL A LAW TODAY What were the major arguments made in Schenck v. United States? How did the Supreme Court’s ruling in the case impact our First Amendment rights after World War I? ­Schenck was convicted for mailing pamphlets that urged draftees to resist induction ­ led to Holmes wanting to place restrictions on freedom of speech. What made the WWI era a time of terror for many Americans? How were German immigrants treated during the war years? ­ It was possible for anyone to turn people in if they thought they were talking trash about America or supporting the Germans, so anyone could be sent to prison (even if they said something VERY minor) ­ German immigrants were treated horribly, some beaten and even killed (see Robert Praeger) ­First amendment rights for freedom of speech not respected How did Committee on Public Information mobilize Americans in support of the war? ­They perceived the Germans as terrible people and made Americans want to fight against them and seek revenge ­ Portrayed Germans as the enemy How did the war end? What were the major provisions of the Treaty of Versailles? ­war ended with Wilson going to Versailles for a meeting. left Germany with reparations and the entire blame for starting the war. had to pay US, France and Germany back­ forced to sign the treaty Why did Britain and France demand that Germany accept responsibility for World War I? Why did Wilson go along with this change? (film notes). ­France and Britain didn’t want to have to pay to repair the damages, wanted Germany to do this. In order for Germany to have to pay for the reparations had to be found guilty for the war ­Wilson had other things that he wanted to have put into the Treaty, if he accepted this from France and Britain they’d then accept his on the League of Nations What major arguments came out in the Senate debate over ratification of the Versailles Treaty? ­it included the League of Nations, couldn’t decide details of the League of Nations which caused problems within the Senate What potential problems existed with the Treaty? How did these flaws contribute to WWII? ­it didn’t address any of the problems that helped to start WWI ­instead it made things worse (i.e., War Guilt Clause) What were some of the major differences between Ali...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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