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Ireland where virtually the entire population is white, Catholic or Protestant ethnicity is a
highly signiﬁcant marker. Race is the dominant marker in America. While many
Americans can choose to embrace, disguise, ignore, or even transcend their ethnicity,
racial labeling removes this option for many others. People of color are not able to opt out
of the racial classiﬁcation system because it is a deep-rooted, universal identiﬁer sustained
through institutional policies, values, and social stereotypes. 44 Are there times when the structural racism framework does not make sense?
As a macro-level analysis, structural racism can’t possibly address all the complexities of
the race system in America. When you look closely at racial categories and outcomes,
many individual cases do not ﬁt the general patterns of success and disadvantage. But this
doesn’t mean that we should ignore the broad patterns. They account for the lives of
millions of individuals and represent a fault l...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14