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highly visible racialized outcomes. Racial inequities plague every signiﬁcant decision point in the criminal justice process—
including suspect proﬁling, arrests, indictments, access to adequate legal representation,
verdicts, punishment, incarceration, and parole—and have a cumulative effect that
culminates in dramatic racial disproportionality in the prison population. Prison Population
While making up only 12% of the U.S. population, blacks represent 46% of the prison population.
Male 36% White Female
46% Black 16% Hispanic
0 Source: U.S. Department
of Justice, 2000. 200,000 400,000 600,000 PRISONERS In some cities, one out of three black men between the ages of twenty and twenty-nine is
in prison, on probation, on parole, or awaiting trial. This proportion is so high that the
effects can be detected at the aggregate level in, for example, the demographics of families
and neighborhoods, in the composition of the workforce, and voting rates (felons are
barred from voting in many states).
The tragedy of racial differences in the criminal just...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14