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Unformatted text preview: are many more subtle and less direct ways in which equity
gains can be counteracted. For example, the Fair Housing Act of 1968 guaranteed equal
access to housing for all, but people of color continued to be quietly excluded from highquality suburban housing by discriminatory lending practices, zoning regulations that
dictated the size of a house or restricted multifamily dwellings, and public underinvestment in mass transportation between cities and suburbs. Or while the historic 1954 Brown
vs. Board of Education U.S. Supreme Court decision prohibited racial segregation in public
schools, it was undermined by subsequent judicial, legal, and administrative actions.11
As a result of these and continued residential segregation, black and Latino students are
more isolated from whites in their schools today than just twenty years ago.12
It is helpful here to remind ourselves that race is a social construct. Racial hierarchy
preserves a social order in which power, privilege, and resources are unequally distributed,
and no individual, instit...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14