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Unformatted text preview: sidents. These
inter-group tensions cannot be addressed effectively without considering them against the
backdrop of America’s racial hierarchy. At the same time, a historical and institutional
perspective can help local change agents keep their focus on the bigger systems and forces
that subordinate everyone of color in distressed neighborhoods.
How does structural racism differ from institutional racism?
Institutional racism is one manifestation of structural racism. Institutional racism
describes the biased racial outcomes associated with public policies and institutional
practices, some of which may be intentional but some of which may appear to be race
neutral. For instance, the fact that 46 percent of the prison population is black, while
blacks represent only 13 percent of the overall population, suggests that the criminal
justice system must have some institutional features that end up criminalizing black men
more often. Some practices are, by deﬁnition, racialized, such as racial proﬁling. Others, 46 such as differential sentencing for possession of crack cocaine versus powder cocaine, may
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14