Unformatted text preview: ir group.
Those born into disadvantaged
communities cannot be blamed
Alan B. Krueger, “The Apple Falls Close to the Tree,” New York Times,
14 November 2002.
for the insufﬁcient education they
receive in their local public schools
and the consequent challenges they face as unskilled job seekers. Where one starts out in
life affects where one ends up to a greater degree than our national sense of economic
mobility would have us believe. “. . . a child born in the bottom 10
percent of families ranked by income
has a 31 percent chance of ending
up there as an adult and a 51 percent
chance of ending up in the bottom
20 percent, while one born in the top
10 percent has a 30 percent chance
of staying there.” Ironically, when one member of a minority group “makes it” and rises to the highest
positions in public administration, the judiciary, or the corporate world, that person’s
success is taken as evidence that the system is working, that our national values do indeed
create an equal playing ﬁeld and opportunities. But of course, a star performer from any
racial or ethnic...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14