Where one starts out in life affects where one ends

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Unformatted text preview: ir group. Those born into disadvantaged communities cannot be blamed Alan B. Krueger, “The Apple Falls Close to the Tree,” New York Times, 14 November 2002. for the insufficient education they receive in their local public schools and the consequent challenges they face as unskilled job seekers. Where one starts out in life affects where one ends up to a greater degree than our national sense of economic mobility would have us believe. “. . . a child born in the bottom 10 percent of families ranked by income has a 31 percent chance of ending up there as an adult and a 51 percent chance of ending up in the bottom 20 percent, while one born in the top 10 percent has a 30 percent chance of staying there.” Ironically, when one member of a minority group “makes it” and rises to the highest positions in public administration, the judiciary, or the corporate world, that person’s success is taken as evidence that the system is working, that our national values do indeed create an equal playing field and opportunities. But of course, a star performer from any racial or ethnic...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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