federal spending just substitutes for state spending

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Unformatted text preview: their decisionmaking. 10 | P a g e States CP BDL Solvency – Should Devolve Transportation Funding to the States [____] [____] Federal transit spending should be devolved to the states Lisa Schweitzer, USC, 2012 (February 16, “Doing on the TEA Party and the “War on Transit” at,” Whatever percentage of federal funding had been going into the Highway Trust Fund via dedicated transit funds, move that back to the states–revenue neutral. The ones that want it for their own highway projects, fine. [____] Real world advocates of devolving federal authority over transportation to the states Robert Jay Dilgerm, Senior Spet in American National Government at the Congressional Research Service, 2011 (January 10, “Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: Past and Present,” Several bills have been introduced during previous Congresses that would fundamentally change existing federal, state, and local government roles and responsibilities in surface transportation policy. For example, Senator Jim DeMint and Representative Jeff Flake introduced legislation during the 109th Congress and Senator DeMint introduced legislation in the 110th Congress (S. 2823) that would phase-out most of the federal fuel and excise taxes that support the Highway Trust Fund over five years; preserve federal responsibility for interstate highways, transportation facilities on public lands, national transportation research and safety programs, and emergency transportation assistance; and devolve most other surface transportation programs to states. In addition, during previous reauthorizations some congressional Members from “donor” states (states whose highway users pay more in estimated federal highway tax revenue to the Highway Trust Fund than that state receives from the program) advocated program devolution as a means to achieve program efficiencies and to address what they viewed as an inequitable distribution of federal surface transportation funds to states. 11 | P a g e States CP BDL Answers to: Uniformity Best [____] [____] Uniformity does not make governance easier Judith Olans Brown and Peter D. Enrich, Law Professors @ Northeastern, 2000 (HASTINGS CONSTITUTIONAL LAW QUARTERLY, Fall, pp. 108-9) Apart from the issue of state sovereignty, the interest in uniformity that animates the lockstep approach has also received criticism. Professor Tarr has questioned the claim that uniformity would simplify the task of government officials. First, state officials need to respect only one standard, the most rights-protective; in a given case, this standard may derive from the state or the federal constitution, but it remains, nonetheless, a single standard. Second, the wholesale adoption of a federal standard does not necessarily produce greater clarity in the law: given the U.S. Supreme Court's struggle to articulate coherent principles in such areas as search and s...
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