Varsity-Packet-Final

1 billion gal lons of fuel per year and 48 times more

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Unformatted text preview: sses are also constrained by limited choices, which have real economic costs. Shipping goods is more expensive because current railroad bottlenecks force them onto trucks, which increases oil dependence and pollution. More truck freight adds to highway congestion and road wear and tear. Too much of our freight moves on trucks because we have invested too little in our rail system. Infrastructure and planning improvements are necessa ry to provide genuine transportation alternatives for both passengers and freight. Fortunately, public transit is popular among those Americans who have reasonable access to it. Public transportation experienced a significant increase in use over the past 15 years. According to the American Public Transit Association: From 1995 through 2009, public transportation ridership increased by 31 percent —a growth rate higher than the 15 percent increase in U.S. population and higher than the 21 percent growth in th e use of the nation’s highways over the same period. Buses, subways, streetcars, and other forms of transit dramatically reduce oil use. The American Public Transit Association determined that Riding public transportation is a significant way to cut passenger transportation energy use. … transit reduces annual fuel use by the equivalent of 4.2 billion gallons of gasoline. This is about 100 million barrels of oil saved annually. Outlays for new and improved transit networks can also help speed our economic recovery. There is $4 in economic return for every $1 of investment. Every $1 billion provided for transit creates 36,000 jobs. Fix roads, bridges, and trains, and unclog transportation bottlenecks While we must increase our investment in transportation inf rastructure, we must avoid wasting it. Boondoggles and pork-barrel earmarks have added to our present congestion. We must not build highways we don’t need. We must ensure the ones we have are in good repair. New capacity should be added strategically to increase the overall flexibility of the transportation system rather than simply adding lanes and increasing gridlock. America’s ports, for example, represent major bottlenecks in getting feed stocks to factories and goods to consumers. Shipping freight by railroad is three times more oil efficient compared to using trucks. Yet our outdated rail system suffers from bottlenecks that make it less attractive for businesses. For instance, the News Hour found that “Chicago has been a freight rail hub for the past 150 years, but an outdated layout often makes it a bottleneck for the country’s shipping network.” And demand for rail shipment is projected to nearly double over the next 25 years. Yet the American Society of Civil Engineers projects a 20 percent shortfall in rail investment over this time. 11 | P a g e Russian Oil DA BDL Link – Generic Public Transportation [____] Public transportation investment would quickly and drastically decrease US oil demand American Public Transportation Association, 2009 (Spring 2009, “Changing the Way America Moves: Creating a More Robust Economy, a Smaller Carbon Footprint, And Energy Independence,” http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/america_moves_09...
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