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leading inevitable to a subsequent slump (Foster and Magdof, 2009; Bello, 2006).
Overproduction. Overproduction crises emerge when the surplus capital in the global economy is
not channeled into production processes due to a fall in profit margins and a slump in effective
demand, the latter mainly a consequence of wage containment across all sectors of the
population (Bello, 2006). Environmental. Environmental degradation, climate change and a
predatory approach to natural resources contribute to the destruction of the latter, along
with a fundamental undermining of the material bases for production and human reproduction
(Fola- dori and Pierri, 2005; Hinkelammert and Mora, 2008). Social, Growing social
inequalities, the dismantling of the welfare state and dwindling means of subsistence
accentuate problems such as poverty, unemployment, violence, insecurity and labor
precariousness, increasing the pressure to emigrate (Harvey, 2007; Schierup, Hansen and
Castles, 2006). The crisis raises questions about the prevailing model of globalization and,
in a deeper sense, the systemic global order, which currently undermines our main sources
of wealth—labor and nature—and overexploits them to the extent that civilization itself is at
risk. The responses to the crisis by the governments of developed countries and international
agencies promoting globalization have been short-sighted and exclusivist. Instead of
addressing the root causes of the crisis, they have implemented limited strategies that
seek to rescue financial and manufacturing corporations facing bankruptcy. In addition,
government policies of labor flexibilization and fiscal adjustment have affected the living and
working conditions of most of the population. These measures are desperate attempts to
prolong the privileges of ruling elites at the risk of imminent and increasingly severe
crises. In these conditions, migrants have been made into scapegoats, leading to repressive
anti- immigrant legislation and policies (Massey and Sánchez, 2006). A significant number of
jobs have been lost while the conditions of remaining jobs deteriorate and deportations increase.
Migrants’ living standards have drastically deteriorated but, contrary to expectati ons, there have
been neither massive return flows nor a collapse in remittances, though there is evidence that
migrant worker flows have indeed diminished. 5|Page Capitalism Critique BDL
Capitalism Critique – 1NC Shell C. Our alternative is to reject the Aff’s capitalist model of de velopment. Movements against
capitalism are possible now; our job is to attack the imperialist system at every turn
Wise, Prof of Development Studies @ Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Mexico, 2009
(Raúl Delgado, Forced Migration and US Imperialism: The Dialectic of Migration and Development,
Crit Sociol, 35: 767, ProQuest)
The theoretical framework outlined in this article for understanding the dialectic relationship
between development and migration has four critical components. A Critical Approach to
Neoliberal Globalization Contrary to th...
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