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2 point reduction in body mass index as well as an 81

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Unformatted text preview: July 2008) the completion of a light rail system in Charlotte, North Carolina, they find that the use of light rail to commute to work is associated with a nearly 1.2 point reduction in body mass index as well as an 81 percent reduction in the odds of becoming obese. Moreover, improved perceptions of neighborhoods as a result of the availability of light rail were associated with 15 percent lower odds of obesity as well as higher odds of meeting weekly recommended physical activity le vels for walking and vigorous exercise (9 percent and 11 percent, respectively). In addition to all of the personal benefits associated with a healthier life style, overall costs on our health care system are substantially reduced when obesity rates are lowered, given that health care costs for the obese are almost twice the rate for normal weight individuals. Finkelstein et al. find that between 1998 and 2006, the prevalence of obesity in the United States increased by 37 percent, adding $40 billion dollars to health care costs. 45 [____] Obesity causes 300,000 deaths a year Douglas Besharov, American Enterprises Institute, 2003 (Testimony before Committee on Agriculture, April 3, http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.16861,filter.all/pub_detail.asp ) Being overweight is not simply a matter of aesthetics. The growing girth of Americans is a major health catastrophe. Overweight people are three times more likely to have coronary artery disease.[5] two to six times more likely to develop high blood pressure, [6] more than three times as likely to develop type 2 diabetes, [7] and twice as likely to develop gallstones than normal weight people.[8] Obesity, of course, is more serious, causing an estimated 50 to 100 percent increase in premature deaths (estimated to be 300,000 deaths per year).[9] 14 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Car Accidents Add-on [____] Mass transit reduces the number of auto accidents significantly Arizona PIRG Education Fund, a federation of independent, state-based, citizen-funded organizations that advocate for the public interest, 2009 (“Why and How to Fund Public Transportation”, march 2009, http://www.uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/Why-and-How-to-Fund-Public-Transportation.pdf) The Bureau of Transportation Statistics estimates that motor vehicles cause over 40,000 accidental deaths and almost 3 million injuries each year.11 By contrast, less than 300 deaths annually take place on public transit.12 Using conservative estimates to quantify these costs in financial terms, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in 2002 estimated an average social cost from accidents totally 15.8 cents per vehicle mile or 4.3 percent of GDP.13 Substituting driving with public transit tends to reduce death and injuries because transit is safer.14 Rail and buses have lower crash risk per-passenger-trip because professional drivers tend to have lower crash rates and total vehicle traffic is reduced. Bus passengers have about one -tenth the per-mile cr...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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