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20 p a g e federalism disadvantage affirmative

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Unformatted text preview: versity of Notre Dame, 1996 (“Applying the New Federalism of 1996: Governors and Welfare Reform”, Notre Dame, p.2-3, http://citation.allacademic.com//meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/0/8/3/5/0/pages83501/p83501 2.php) With the passage of The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996, America experienced an emergence of the “new federalist” policies that began during the presidency of Richard Nixon and blossomed under Ronald Regan. Defined primarily by its emphasis on “devolving” federal influence over social policies to the s tates, the new federalism of the mid-1990s gave state governments more freedom to decide how to manage and implement social programs while simultaneously increasing pressure on state officials to make those programs work. An obvious effect of this move in power was the pushing of states to the forefront of the debates surrounding social policies. Rather than continuing to sing backup to the federal government’s lead, the states now had a greater role in determining the course of some of the most long- standing controversies in modern-American political history. 1 The devolution of authority from the federal government to the states not only opened a door for state governments to have a greater say in policy choices, it also offered “students of politics a unique opportunity to pinpoint the determinants of state- level policy choices – a case in which the fifty states responded virtually simultaneously to a single policy mandate.” 2 This rare occurrence in which the American states were opened up as a laboratory for policy analysis on the same set of policy choices within the same time period offers a chance to see not only the impact federal policy has across the states, but it enables a look into the specific political activities of state governments in determining policy outcomes. 19 | P a g e Federalism DA BDL Article: Remaking Federalism to Remake the American Economy Bruce Katz, Vice President Metropolitan Program, Brookings, February 16, 2012, “Remaking Federalism to Remake the American Economy,” http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2012/02/16-federalism-katz At the most basic level, the U.S. needs more jobs— 12.1 million by one estimate—to recover the jobs lost during the downturn and keep pace with population growth and labor market dynamics. Beyond pure job growth, the U.S. needs better jobs, to grow wages and incomes for lower- and middle-class workers and reverse the troubling decades-long rise in inequality. To achieve these twin goals, the U.S. needs to restructure the economy from one focused inward and characterized by excessive consumption and debt, to one globally engaged and driven by production and innovation. It must do so while contending with a new cadre of global competitors that aim to best the United States in the next industrial revolution and while leveraging the distinctive assets and advantages of different parts of the country, particular...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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