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54 7page inland waterways negative bdl no harms lock

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Unformatted text preview: of Engineers’ methodologies, omitting shippers’ responses to changes in transit times and system reliability will likely overestimate the real NED benefits of the recommended plan under any future traffic growth outcome. 5|Page Inland Waterways Negative BDL Hegemony Add-on Answers [___] [___] Primacy does not prevent a global nuclear exchange or create regional stability Nina Hachigan and Monica Sutphen, Stanford Center for International Security, 2008 (The Next American Century, p. 168-9) In practice, the strategy of primacy failed to deliver. While the fact of being the world’s only superpower has substantial benefits, a national security strategy based on suing and ratiaing primacy has not made America more secure. America’s military might has not been the answer to terrorism, disease, climate change, or proliferation. Iraq, Iran, and North Korea have become more dangerous in the last seven years, not less. Worse than being ineffec tive with transnational threats and smaller powers, a strategy of maintaining primacy is counterproductive when it comes to pivotal powers. If America makes primacy the main goal of its national security strategy, then why shouldn’t the pivotal powers do the same? A goal of primacy signals that sheer strength is most critical to security. American cannot trumpet its desire to dominate the world military and then question why China is modernizing its military. [___] U.S. decline has not produced hegemonic rivalry because the U.S. is not perceived as a threat, nor do other powers want to challenge the status quo Richard N. Haas, President, Council on Foreign Relations, 2008 (Foreign Affairs , May/June, http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20080501faessay87304/richard -nhaass/the-age-of-nonpolarity.html?mode=print) The fact that classic great-power rivalry has not come to pass and is unlikely to arise anytime soon is also partly a result of the United States' behavior, which has not stimulated such a response. This is not to say that the United States under the leadership of George W. Bush has not alienated other nations; it surely has. But it has not, for the most part, acted in a manner that has led other states to conclude that the United States constitutes a threat to their vital national interests. Doubts about the wisdom and legitimacy of U.S. foreign policy are pervasive, but this has tended to lead more to denunciations (and an absence of cooperation) than outright resistance. A further constraint on the emergence of great-power rivals is that many of the other major powers are dependent on the international system for their economic welfare and political stability. They do not, accordingly, want to disrupt an order that serves their national interests. Those interests are closely tied to cross-border flows of goods, services, people, energy, investment, and technology -- flows in which the United States plays a critical role. Integration into the modern world dampens great-power competition and conflict. 6|Page Inland Waterways Negative BDL No Harms – Infrastructure Not Degrading [___] [___] New construction i...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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