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6 with the right policies in place denser walkable

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Unformatted text preview: .pdf) At a time when America must create more jobs, reduce its dependence on for eign oil, and become more carbon efficient, public transportation can make a significant contribution quickly and costeffectively. Public transportation already saves 4.2 billion gallons of fuel and 37 million metric tons of carbon emissions per year, while supporting 1.7 million jobs. This paper shows that with an investment of 1.6 percent of the U.S. GDP per year, public transportation could support 7.4 million jobs and, by 2020, could save the country 15.2 billion gallons of fuel annually—almost as much as we currently import from the Persian Gulf. This investment would also cut 141.9 million metric tons of carbon emissions per year—about 8 percent of the total carbon emissions from the U.S. transportation sector. 12 | P a g e Russian Oil DA BDL Link – Generic Public Transportation [____] Investment like the plan will drastically decrease oil demand – transportation is the key sector American Public Transportation Association, 2009 (Spring 2009, “Changing the Way America Moves: Creating a More Robust Economy, a Smaller Carbon Footprint, And Energy Independence,” http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/america_moves_09.pdf) We have squandered opportunities to take bold steps before. In 1973, with the OPEC oil embargo, America had a wake-up call about how fragile its oil dependent economy really is and how reliant the nation is on foreign oil. Many sectors of the economy learned the lesson and became less reliant on oil. Not the transportation sector. The investment in energy intensive highway and aviation syste ms and the woeful underfunding of public transportation and rail systems continued. As a result, since 1973, Americans are traveling 250 percent more miles per capita each year vii and using over 36 percent more oil for transportation purposes. viii Net oil imports as a share of U.S. oil consumption went from 35.8 percent in 1975 to 58.2 percent in 2007 ix From 1970 to 2007, VMT growth has greatly outpaced population growth, 168percent to 48percent respectively. x . If we had decided to invest significantly more in public transportation services in 1973 and each year since, sustaining a 5.5 percent annual ridership increase from that point onward, we would be saving as much as 4.6 times more fuel with public transportation than we are today (19.1 billion gal lons of fuel per year) and 4.8 times more carbon emissions (178 million tons per year). Tens of millions more Americans would be given a true choice in travel and commuting. A new wake -up call Today, as we use vastly more energy resources than we have at any other time in history, we are getting another wake-up call—this time not only about our economic fragility and our limited energy resources, but also about the dire situation of our environment and the survival of our planet as we know it. Transportation is one of the largest and still growing factors of our huge dependence on fossil fuel and with that, foreign...
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