An intra governmental approach to managing national

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Unformatted text preview: haller, Iowa, and chair of the GO committee. More than half of the locks and dams that currently make up the U.S. Inland Marine Transportation System exceed their 50 -year usable lifespan, according to the report. More than one-third top 70 years of age, a concern because usually major rehabilitation is necessary to expand the typical lifespan from 50 to 75 years, according to the study. Just on the Ohio River alone, the time locks have been out of service has more than tripled since 2000, rising from 25,000 hours to 80,000 annually. And that gets expensive. This study shows that a three-month lock closure would increase the cost of transporting 5.5 million tons of oilseeds and grain, the average amount of grain shipped by barge during that period, by $71.6 million. A failure at any of the locks examined by the study could cost U.S. farmers from up to $45 million in lost revenue. “The lock and dam system is rapidly deteriorating which puts added pressure on the rail and highway system to move our product from the farm to its destination,” adds Foell. “It is important that we have a robust trans portation system. Only by using a combination of the lock and dam system, rail system, and truck system can we continue to be able to move our products in a manner that will help us feed the world.” 7|Page Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL 1AC – 5/6 Shocks to the global food supply could affect billions of the most vulnerable people on Earth Tampa Tribune 1996 (Tampa Tribune, 1-20-96) On a global scale, food supplies - measured by stockpiles of grain - are not abundant. In 1995, world production failed to meet demand for the third consecutive year, said Per PinstrupAndersen, director of the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington, D.C. As a result, grain stockpiles fell from an average of 17 percent of annual consumption in 1994 1995 to 13 percent at the end of the 1995-1996 season, he said. That's troubling, PinstrupAndersen noted, since 13 percent is well below the 17 percent the United Nations considers essential to provide a margin of safety in world food security. During the food crisis of the early 1970s, world grain stocks were at 15 percent. "Even if they are merely blips, higher international prices can hurt poor countries that import a significant portion of their food," he said. "Rising prices can also quickly put food out of reach of the 1.1 billion people in the developing world who live on a dollar a day or less." He also said many people in low-income countries already spend more than half of their income on food. To correct this problem we propose the following plan: The United States federal government should substantially invest in inland waterway modernization. 8|Page Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL 1AC – 6/6 Contention III. Solvency Federal government investment is crucial to create an effective system of waterway infrastructure Colonel Donald E. Jackson, United States Army, 2007 (LEVERAGING THE STRATEGIC VALUE OF THE U.S. INLAND WATERWA...
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