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At the elizabeth locks and dams 105 years old chunks

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Unformatted text preview: ncy – Military Readiness ............................................................................................................ 23 Solvency – Congestion ....................................................................................................................... 24 Answers to Off Case Arguments States Counterplan Answers.......................................................................................................... 25-27 Article: DOT To Turn Underused Waterways Into Marine Highways ............................................. 28-31 Article: America’s Marine Highway Corridors ................................................................................. 32-33 Article: Marad Reports to Congress About America’s Marine Highway .............................................. 34 1|Page Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Summary This Affirmative case argues that the United States should strengthen its investment in transportation infrastructure by supporting shipping through inland waterways – the domestic waterways (rivers and lakes) that are part of the geographic United States. The Affirmative case claims one main advantage – U.S. agricultural exports. If critical infrastructure like locks (devices for raising and lowering boats) and dams were to fail on US rivers, ships would not be able to pass through for a long time. If ships couldn’t get though the rivers they would be unable to transport the large volume of grains and other goods produced by US farmers. A large percent of the crops grown by US farmers are sent to other countries and used to keep food cheap around the world. If exports of food were disrupted it would make food harder to get across the globe, leading to starvation and social unrest. A second Affirmative “add-on” advantage about the efficiency of the transportation network increasing the economy and the effectiveness of the military is also included. 2|Page Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Glossary Vocabulary Globalization. The spread of capitalism throughout the globe and the integration of diff erent countries into one market. Inland Waterways. Domestic lakes and rivers. Locks. A lock is a device for raising and lowering boats between stretches of water of different levels on river and canal waterways. Merchant Marine. The fleet of commercially owned vessels that are operated by the private sector that can be utilized by the United States in the event of a national security emergency. Acronyms (US) DOD. United States Department of Defense. This is an executive agency that is in -charge of the US military. (US) DOT. United States Department of Transportation. This is an executive agency that is in -charge of transportation in the United States. GDP. Gross Domestic Product. The total economic output of the country. 3|Page Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL 1AC – 1/6 Contention I. The Status Quo The infrastructure that supports our inland waterways is decaying—its failure could halt inland river commerce Post-Gazette 2012 (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Water torture: Congress needs to act on decaying locks and dams,” March 25, 2012, http://old.post-gazette.com/pg/12085/12...
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