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Both studies show that people living in suburban

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Unformatted text preview: rding to the Ontario College of Family Physicians and the American Planning Association. Both studies show that people living in suburban areas tend to rely on their vehicles more often--even for short trips--instead of walking or cycling. This lower level of activity increases the risk of obesity, which can lead to other health problems such as heart disease, high-blood pressure and diabetes. 10 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Urban Sprawl Add-on- Link Extensions [____] Road focus and car dependence promotes sprawl which harms the environment Islam et.al. 2008 (Anna Brandon Lynn, and Bridget Maher, “Negative Environmental Impacts of American Suburban Sprawl and the Environmental Argument for New Urbanism” http://sitemaker.umich.edu/section007group5/home) The dependency on automobiles for transportation is one of the biggest factors in the environmental impacts of “suburban sprawl” and “urban growth.” Suburban growth as a result of highways being built after WWII made rural areas more accessible for development increasing the reliance on automobiles to get to and from the city for work (Southerland 164). This reliance has been furthermore encouraged through the relative decrease in gasoline prices since the 1970s (Southerland 165). City development in the past has been mainly focused on planning, “…towns and cities at a larger scale with a reliance primarily on automobile travel (Doi 485).” This type of urban growth results in a number of adverse effects on the environment. Growth of this nature requires people to travel larger distances for even basic needs, therefore making automobiles a necessary form of travel. One of the strategies for solving the overwhelming reliance on automobiles has been the construction of “compact cities.” The idea is that “compact cities” offer a closer community, a neighborhood, and a better quality of life that decreases the reliance on automobiles and therefore promotes a more environmentally friendly city. Mass transit and public transportation drastically decreases the amount of air pollution and reliance on oil. [____] Mass transit allows for more efficient land use Arizona PIRG Education Fund, 2009 “a federation of independent, state-based, citizen-funded organizations that advocate for the public interest.”(“Why and How to Fund Public Transportation”, march 2009, http://www.uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/Why-and-How-to-Fund-PublicTransportation.pdf)//DD Transportation and land-use problems are tightly connected. On the one side, light rail, commuter rail and rapid bus systems allow development of more walkable communities where using a car is an option rather than a requirement. For example, communities that are more compact save money because smaller networks can be constructed for driving , sewage, electricity and parking. Many central cities thrive as physical “hubs” for business activity, many doubling their population during the work day. Such massive influxes of people would be impossible if everyone drove long distances and required parking. 11 | P a g e Mass Transit Affirmative BDL Air Pollution Add-on [____] Road focused transportation leads to air pollution and health problems Trip Pollard, Senior Attorney and Director, Land and Community Program at Southern Environmental Law Center, 2004 (“Articl...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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