But nearly half of these locks and dams now exceed

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Unformatted text preview: ugh there were slippages that were rectified, often just in time. It was that state power, massive and credible, that made peace and Cold War victory possible. That victory that triumph of American strength and will, creates a new set of threats of equal force and greater complexity. There are the malignant trouble points: the Bosnias, the Kosovos, the Macedonias; and the Iraqs, the Irans, the Afghanistans; and the Cambodias, the Myanmars, the Koreas; the restive Timorese, the contentious Chechnians, the Disputatious Caucasus states. Any of them can ignite a conflagration that may spread and merge with others, as can such festering crises as India-Pakistan and ChinaTaiwan. Other nations sullenly quiescent may decide to realize their “destinies” to recover lands previously lose, while still others may feel their security threatened by adjacent turmoil. Violence will engulf the world. The state power of the United States that won the long Cold War is still in being, even though its military component has seriously attenuated. That must be strengthened and adjusted to deal with the new and different threats that have emerged. A continental missile defense is essential and must be urgently pursued. Chemical and biological warfare defenses must be energetically advanced. Terrorism must be dealt with relentlessly with every means. And we must cauterize the decay afflicting our forces and reverse current trends. All this is essential, but equally imperative is the need to act proactively when some trouble spot flares that might spread. And to do that properly requires American will to act, and that will must be clearly perceived by the world, friends as well as actual and potential miscreants. Threats to peace can arise from probable or actual aggression by a nation against another that can endanger regional or world peace, an internal upheaval that can spill over into nearby nations, exported terrorism that the nations hosting the perpetrators cannot or will not suppress, or any similar contingency. Acting against such dangers is vital, but it will be extraordinarily difficult and require resolve. It will also be expensive, in money and American lives. Diplomatic measures should be undertaken first, either alone, with allies, through the United Nations, or through all three channels. Economic steps can be taken, with safeguards to ensure effectiveness. But histories of such moves to restrain dangerous behavior are discouraging because they were not backed by credible consistently applied, and decisive strong military power; thus potentially rampant states or organizations had no real incentive to abandon their ways. The lesson is clear; we must act militarily anywhere in the world if peaceful pressure is seen to fail. 13 | P a g e Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Harms – Waterway Infrastructure Failing Now [___] [___] Federal support for inland waterway transportation has collapsed David Grier, U.S. Army Engineer Institute for Water Resources, 2002 (The Challenge to Modernize the U.S....
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