Varsity-Packet-Final

But the strategic power of russia was never

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: at time, Putin will be the end of a new 12-year run as president. His last, highly popular 8-year term as Russian president coincided with high world oil prices -reaching a record high of $147 a barrel -- which he used to boost employment, to build up a war chest of financial savings, to elevate the buying power of ordinary citizens, a nd to lead a voluble, chin-out foreign policy. 14 | P a g e Russian Oil DA Affirmative BDL Internal Link Turn – High Oil Prices Facilitate Russian Militarism [____] [____] High oil prices cause Russian adventurism Steven Mufson, Staff Writer @ the Washington Post, 2007 (Oil Price Rise Causes Global Shift in Wealth, November 10th http://www.washingtonpost.com/wpdyn/content/article/2007/11/09/AR2007110902573_pf.html) Russia, the world's No. 2 oil exporter, shows oil's transformational impact in the political as well as the economic realm. W hen Vladimir Putin came to power in 2000, less than two years after the collapse of the ruble and Russia's default on its international debt, the country's policymakers worried that 2003 could bring another financial crisis. The country's foreign -debt repayments were scheduled to peak at $17 billion that year. Inside the Kremlin, with Putin nearing the end of his second and final term as president, that sum now looks like peanuts. Russia's gold and foreign currency reserves have risen by more than that amount just since July. The soaring price of oil has helped Russia increase the federal budget tenfold since 1999 while paying off its foreign debt and building the third-largest gold and hard-currency reserves in the world, about $425 billion. "The government is much stronger, much more self-assured and self-confident," said Vladimir Milov, head of the Institute of Energy Policy in Moscow and a former deputy minister of energy. "It believes it can cope with any economic crisis at home." With good reason. Usi ng energy revenue, the government has built up a $150 billion rainy-day account called the Stabilization Fund. "This financial independence has contributed to more assertive actions by Russia in the international arena," Milov said. "There is a strong drive within part of the elite to show that we are off our knees." The result: Russia is trying to reclaim former Soviet republics as part of its sphere of influence. Freed of the need to curry favor with foreign oil companies and Western bankers, Russia can resist what it views as American expansionism, particularly regarding NATO enlargement and U.S. missile defense in Eastern Europe, and forge an independent approach to contentious issues like Iran's nuclear program. The abundance of petrodollars has also led to a consumer boom evident in the sprawling malls, 24-hour hyper-markets, new apartment and office buildings, and foreign cars that have become commonplace not just in Moscow and St. Petersburg but in provincial cities. Average income has doubled under Putin, and the number of people living bel...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online