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Unformatted text preview: s “exist-ing or applied for” in isolation. Other types of
adverse action described in the Insurance Prong apply only to situations where a consumer had an
existing policy of insurance, such as a “cancellation,” “reduction,” or “change” in insurance. Each of
these forms of adverse action presupposes an already-existing policy, and under usual canons of
statutory construction the term “increase” also should be construed to apply to increases of an
already-existing policy. See Hibbs v. Winn, 542 U.S. 88, 101 (2004) (“a phrase gathers meaning
from the words around it”) (citation omitted).
B. Violation – The Affirmative doesn’t increase, they create. They create a new program that
hasn’t existed before.
C. Standards1. Predictable limits – History should limit the topic, our interpretation limits debate to making
current infrastructure and programs better and stronger. There is not Aff and Neg literature on
hypothetical programs. We should limit the topic to an area where literature exists on both
2. Ground – There is no literature for our off case arguments because no one has written
against things that haven’t been tried yet. So there is no possible way we can research the
topic and be well prepared.
D. T is a voter for fairness and education, it is critical to preserve the integrity of debate. 2|Page Topicality BDL
1NC – In = Throughout A. Interpretation – In order to be topical, an affirmative must increase transportation
infrastructure across the entirety of the United States, not just a section of it.
First note that ‘In’ means throughout
Words and Phrases, 1959
(p. 546 (PDNS3566))
In the Act of 1861 providing that justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction “in” their respective
counties to hear and determine all complaints, the word “in” should be construed to mean
“throughout” such counties. Reynolds v. Larkin, 14, p. 114, 117, 10 Colo. 126.
Second, The United States includes all the territories and land over which it has jurisdiction
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms 5
(Dictionary of Military, http://www.thefreedictionary.com/United+States, 2005)
Includes the land area, internal waters, territorial sea, and airspace of the United States,
including the following: a. US territories, possessions, and commonwealths; and b. Other areas
over which the US Government has complete jurisdiction and control or has exclusive authority or
B. Violation – the Affirmative only increases transportation infrastructure in one section of the
United States but does not include vast sections of the continental United States or its
1. Predictable Limits – There are a small number of affirmatives that deal with connecting all of
the United States, whereas if the Affirmatives are allowed to select very small parts of the
country to invest in than the negative will be unable to prepare for the number of miniscule
2. Ground –...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14