Varsity-Packet-Final

Const art 2 25 art 11 8 state ex rel jaspers v west

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Unformatted text preview: s “exist-ing or applied for” in isolation. Other types of adverse action described in the Insurance Prong apply only to situations where a consumer had an existing policy of insurance, such as a “cancellation,” “reduction,” or “change” in insurance. Each of these forms of adverse action presupposes an already-existing policy, and under usual canons of statutory construction the term “increase” also should be construed to apply to increases of an already-existing policy. See Hibbs v. Winn, 542 U.S. 88, 101 (2004) (“a phrase gathers meaning from the words around it”) (citation omitted). B. Violation – The Affirmative doesn’t increase, they create. They create a new program that hasn’t existed before. C. Standards1. Predictable limits – History should limit the topic, our interpretation limits debate to making current infrastructure and programs better and stronger. There is not Aff and Neg literature on hypothetical programs. We should limit the topic to an area where literature exists on both sides. 2. Ground – There is no literature for our off case arguments because no one has written against things that haven’t been tried yet. So there is no possible way we can research the topic and be well prepared. D. T is a voter for fairness and education, it is critical to preserve the integrity of debate. 2|Page Topicality BDL 1NC – In = Throughout A. Interpretation – In order to be topical, an affirmative must increase transportation infrastructure across the entirety of the United States, not just a section of it. First note that ‘In’ means throughout Words and Phrases, 1959 (p. 546 (PDNS3566)) In the Act of 1861 providing that justices of the peace shall have jurisdiction “in” their respective counties to hear and determine all complaints, the word “in” should be construed to mean “throughout” such counties. Reynolds v. Larkin, 14, p. 114, 117, 10 Colo. 126. Second, The United States includes all the territories and land over which it has jurisdiction Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms 5 (Dictionary of Military, http://www.thefreedictionary.com/United+States, 2005) Includes the land area, internal waters, territorial sea, and airspace of the United States, including the following: a. US territories, possessions, and commonwealths; and b. Other areas over which the US Government has complete jurisdiction and control or has exclusive authority or defense responsibility. B. Violation – the Affirmative only increases transportation infrastructure in one section of the United States but does not include vast sections of the continental United States or its territories C. Standards 1. Predictable Limits – There are a small number of affirmatives that deal with connecting all of the United States, whereas if the Affirmatives are allowed to select very small parts of the country to invest in than the negative will be unable to prepare for the number of miniscule Affirmatives possible 2. Ground –...
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.

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