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Unformatted text preview: high speed rail Affirmative is that it is necessary for the federal
government to act to develop high speed rail because the states lack the necessary financial
resources to do it and the private, non-governmental sector is unlikely to do it because they fear tha t
it will not be profitable. 2|Page High Speed Rail Affirmative BDL
Amtrak. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak is a governmentowned corporation that was organized on May 1, 1971, to provide intercity passenger train service in the
United States (Wikipedia)
Annual. Annual is every year. For example, if you have a subscription to an annual magazine you will
receive that magazine once a year.
Anthropogenic. Anthropogenic means it is caused by humans. In context, anthropogenic warming is
warming caused by humans.
Appropriation. An appropriation is the amount of money that is made available for a specific
purpose. For example, Congress could appropriate $1 billion to develop new railroads.
Climate change. “Climate change” refers to the total average change in the earth’s climate that is
due to human influence, particular the burning of fossil fuels (primarily coal and oil)
Commuter. Many people live outside large American cities and take local trains to work. These
people are referred to as commuters.
Competitiveness. Competitiveness refers to the ability of the United States to compete economically
by being able to sell goods at affordable prices, particularly prices that lower than companies from
other countries. Competiveness refers to the quality of the goods.
Coral reef. Coral reefs are underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral
reefs are colonies of tiny living animals found in marine waters that contain few nutrients. Most coral
reefs are built from stony corals, which in turn consist of polyps that cluster in groups. The polyps are like
tiny sea anemones, to which they are closely related.
Domestic. Domestic refers to within the United States. The term is contracted to “foreign,” which
means outside the United States.
Depression. A depression is a severe economic downturn that lasts for many years.
Electricity grid. The electricity grid is the power stations and power lines that supply electricity
throughout the country.
Electrification. Electrification refers to making rail tracks capable of supporting trains th at run on
electricity. 3|Page High Speed Rail Affirmative BDL Glossary Export. When goods are sold and shipped abroad they are exported.
Federal. Federal refers to a government structure. In the United States, the federal government is the
central governing body of the United States.
Freight. Freight is goods that are transferred on things like rail, boats, and airplanes
Global warming. Global warming is another term for climate change.
Great Power. Great Powers are the major, most powerful countries on Earth. The US, China, and
Russia are currently great powers.
Indisputable. Indisputable means that something is true and that the truth cannot be refuted.
Intercity. Between cities
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This document was uploaded on 02/06/2014.
- Spring '14