Experts however predict us economic dominance may be

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Unformatted text preview: is fully integrated with landside infrastructure can help to maintain critical interstate, regional, and local personnel and freight flows even in the case of multiple landside failures, such as downed bridges or flooded highways. The value of this resiliency to shippers and the economy at large is real and can be enormous when disasters and other blockages occur (see section of this report on Public Safety and Security). Even if such extreme events were not to occur, resiliency has a day-to-day value to the public. Economists attempt to measure day-to-day benefits of this resiliency through “option values.” W ater transportation services, such as passenger ferries, may have an option value to car-owners who value the opportunity to use the ferry service at those times when their vehicles are unavailable (due to breakdowns or weather), highway bridges become congested due to traffic incidents, or when they cannot drive (due to physical impairments). Thus, even though they may not use the water service frequently or at all, its availability has a real value to them. The same logic would be true, more broadly, for freight shippers and the nation at large with regard to the Marine Highway system. Although some shippers may choose not to use Marine Highway services, their availability during times of disruption to a preferred mode is of real value. Further research would be needed to quantify the option value of this system. In a more direct sense, America’s Marine Highway offers real savings to shippers because it represents a competing transportation mode to rail and highway service. Shippers who have access to more than one competitive long-distance modal service may experience lower shipping rates than do shippers who have access to only one suitable long-distance mode. 10 | P a g e Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL General Economy Add-On [___] Inland water ways play a critical role in moving manufactured goods David Grier, U.S. Army Engineer Institute for Water Resources, 2002 (The Challenge to Modernize the U.S. Inland Waterways, -021-005.PDF) Inland waterways in the United States play a vital role in the movement of bulk cargoes and manufactured goods in both foreign and domestic commerce. The inland waterway system allows the competitive movement of huge quantities of liquid and dry bulk cargoes between deep water ports and distant points of production or consumption in the nation's interior. In recent years, U.S. inland waterway traffic has approximated 630 million tons annually, accounting for about 15 percent of total intercity commerce by volume. Over 50 percent of U.S. grain exports depend on this river network. Millions of tons of U.S. foreign trade in petroleum products, chemicals, forest products, metal ores, steel products and mineral aggregates all depend on the inland waterway system. 11 | P a g e Inland Waterways Affirmative BDL Hegemony Add-on [___] Inevitable loss of economic dominance will erode United States global leadership unless the US is capable of projecting its m...
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